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Optimisation of Decolourisation Conditions of Crude Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertner F) Butter: Black Type

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DOI: 10.4236/aces.2015.54054    3,624 Downloads   3,993 Views  

ABSTRACT

In the present study, response surface methodology applying Doehlert experimental design was used to investigate decolourisation parameters of crude black shea butter. The decolourisation process was significantly influenced by three independent parameters: contact time, decolourisation temperature and adsorbent dose. The responses of the process were oil loss, acid value, peroxide value and colour index. Contour plots of the decolourisation responses were superimposed and well defined the optimum zone. The optimum decolourisation conditions were found to be: contact time (30 min), temperature (72℃ - 95℃) and adsorbent dosage (1.5 - 2.5 mass %).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mohagir, A. , Bup, N. , Abi, C. , Kamga, R. and Kapseu, R. (2015) Optimisation of Decolourisation Conditions of Crude Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertner F) Butter: Black Type. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 5, 515-525. doi: 10.4236/aces.2015.54054.

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