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Assessment of Domestic Wastewater Management Practices in the Communal District I of Maradi City, Niger Republic

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DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.38006    2,132 Downloads   2,509 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Wastewater treatment is a problem with much acuity in the city of Maradi in general, and particularly in the Communal District I of Maradi. It is for this reason that the present study was conducted which deals with wastewater sanitation. The main objective of this study conducted through a survey is to investigate in the domestic wastewater sanitation in the Communal District I of Maradi city. Specifically, the study aims to estimate the amount of wastewater produced by households and to analyze the sanitation system at household and at district levels. The wastewater management practices in this district were assessed through a descriptive cross sectional study in which a total of 129 households were selected by sample distribution technique in the district neighborhoods and studied using interviewer and administered questionnaires at communal and household levels. The results of the study showed that the amount of domestic wastewater generated is quite large, about 32.27 m3 per person per day, and this comes from several sources including showers, laundry, dishwashing and income generating activities. The results also revealed that the unhealthy state of the Communal District I of Maradi is related to the absence of a wastewater treatment system, the methods and practices used in its management, and the population is also largely responsible for this unhealthy state and not willing to participate to a sanitation project.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Laminou M. O. , Saidou, H., Abdourahamane Illiassou, S. and Tidjani Idrissa, S. (2015) Assessment of Domestic Wastewater Management Practices in the Communal District I of Maradi City, Niger Republic. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 3, 57-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/gep.2015.38006

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