Share This Article:

Micro-Structure, Ac Conductivity and Spectroscopic Studies of Cupric Sulphate Doped PVA/PVP Polymer Composites

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1188KB) PP. 408-418
DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2015.510041    3,788 Downloads   4,380 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A series of polyvinyl alcohol/polyvinyl pyrrolidone polymer composite films doped with different amount of cupric sulphate (CuSO4) were prepared by means of solution casting technique. These films were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Ultraviolet-Visible absorbance spectroscopy (UV-Vis) and Ac conductivity measurement studies. XRD patterns of these films recorded at room temperature show the increase in amorphousity of the matrix with the increase in the concentration of CuSO4 in polymer composites. Microstructural parameters were computed using an in-house program employing XRD data. Recorded FT-IR spectra give information about the stretching and bending of the characteristic absorption bands in these films. The variation in the transmittance has been studied with the help of recorded UV-Vis spectra and hence the optical band gap present in the samples is also calculated. The measured Ac conductivity shows how the conductivity varies in these films with the presence of different amount of CuSO4 in these films.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Hemalatha, K. , Somashekarappa, H. and Somashekar, R. (2015) Micro-Structure, Ac Conductivity and Spectroscopic Studies of Cupric Sulphate Doped PVA/PVP Polymer Composites. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 5, 408-418. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2015.510041.

References

[1] Hadi, A.G., Lafta, F., Hashim, A., Hakim, H., Al-Zuheiry, A.I.O., Salman, S.R. and Ahmed, H. (2013) Study the Effect of Barium Sulphate on Optical Properties of Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA). Universal Journal of Materials Science, 1, 52-55.
[2] Hassan, M.A., Gouda, M.E. and Sheha, E. (2010) Investigations on the Electrical and Structural Properties of PVA Doped with (NH4)2SO4. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 116, 1213-1217.
[3] De-Queiroz, A.A.A., Soares, D.A.W., Trzesniak, P., Gustavo, A. and Abraham (2001) Resistive-Type Humidity Sensors Based on PVP-Co and PVP-I2 Complexes. Journal of Polymer Science, 39, 459-469.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099-0488(20010215)39:4<459::AID-POLB1019>3.0.CO;2-T
[4] Singh, R. and Kulkarni, S.G. (2013) Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Doped with Inorganic Fillers. International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials, 62, 351-357.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00914037.2012.700288
[5] Gouda, M.E., Badr, S.K., Hassan, M.A. and Sheha, E. (2011) Impact of Ethylene Carbonate on Electrical Properties of PVA/(NH4)2SO4/H2SO4 Proton-Conductive Membrane. Ionics, 17, 255-261.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11581-010-0506-2
[6] El-Khodary, A. (2010) Evolution of the Optical, Magnetic and Morphological Properties of PVA Films Filled with CuSO4. Physica-B, 405, 3401-3408.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2010.05.012
[7] Sharaf, F., Mansour, S.A. and El-Lawindy, A.M.Y. (1999) Mechanical and Relaxation Properties of γ-Irradiated PVA Doped with Ferrous Sulphate. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 66, 173-177.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0141-3910(98)00101-3
[8] Basha, A.F. and Basha, M.A.F. (2012) Structural and Thermal Degradation Studies on Thin Films of the Nanocomposite System PVP-Ce(SO4)2?4H2O. Polymer Bulletin, 68, 151-165.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00289-011-0546-4
[9] Umaa, T., Mahalingam, T. and Stimming, U. (2004) Conductivity and Thermal Studies of Solid Polymer Electrolytes Prepared by Blending Polyvinylchloride, Polymethylmethacrylate and Lithium Sulfate. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 85, 131-136.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2003.12.012
[10] Kim, S.J., Park, S.J., Kim, I.Y., Lee, Y.H. and Kim, S.I. (2002) Thermal Characteristics of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) and Poly(Vinylpyrrolidone) IPNs. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 86, 1844-1847.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.11096
[11] Yu, H., Xu, X., Chen, X., Lu, T., Zhang, P. and Jing, X. (2007) Preparation and Antibacterial Effects of PVA-PVP Hydrogels Containing Silver Nanoparticles. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 103, 125-133.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.24835
[12] Qiao, J., Fu, J., Lin, R., Mac, J. and Liu, J. (2010) Alkaline Solid Polymer Electrolyte Membranes Based on Structurally Modified PVA/PVP with Improved Alkali Stability. Polymer, 51, 4850-4859.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2010.08.018
[13] Hassan, M.A., Gouda, M.E. and Sheha, E. (2010) Investigations on the Electrical and Structural Properties of PVA Doped with (NH4)2SO4. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 116, 1213-1217.
[14] Mahmoud, K.H. and Atef, K. (2014) Optical and Colorimetric Studies of Thorium Nitrate-Doped Poly(vinyl alcohol) Films. Polymer Composites, 35, 1786-1791.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.22832
[15] Bhajantri, R.F., Ravindrachary, V., Poojary, B., Ismayil, Harisha, A. and Crasta, V. (2009) Studies on Fluorescent PVA + PVP + MPDMAPP Composite Films. Polymer Engineering and Science, 49, 903-909.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pen.21341
[16] Basha, M.A.F. (2010) Magnetic and Optical Studies on Polyvinylpyrrolidone Thin Films Doped with Rare Earth Metal Salts. Polymer Journal, 42, 728-734.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/pj.2010.60
[17] Abou-Taleb, M.H. (2009) Thermal and Spectroscopic Studies of Poly(N-vinyl pyrrolidone)/Poly(vinyl alcohol) Blend Films. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 114, 1202-1207.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.30082
[18] Abdelrazek, E.M., Elashmawi, I.S. and Labeeb, S. (2010) Chitosan Filler Effects on the Experimental Characterization, Spectroscopic Investigation and Thermal Studies of PVA/PVP Blend Films. Physica B, 405, 2021-2027.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2010.01.095
[19] Ragab, H.M. (2011) Spectroscopic Investigations and Electrical Properties of PVA/PVP Blend Filled with Different Concentrations of Nickel Chloride. Physica B, 406, 3759-3767.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2010.11.030
[20] Sedlarik, V, Saha, N., Kuritka, I. and Saha, P. (2006) Characterization of Polymeric Biocomposite Based on Poly(vinyl alcohol) and Poly(vinyl pyrrolidone). Polymer Composites, 27, 147-152.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pc.20197
[21] Scardi, P. and Leoni, M. (2002) Whole Powder Pattern Modelling. Acta Crystallographica Section A, 58, 190-200.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0108767301021298
[22] Somashekar, R., Hall, I.H. and Carr, P.D. (1989) The Determination of Crystal Size and Disorder from X-Ray Diffraction Photographs of Polymer Fibres. 1. The Accuracy of Determination of Fourier Coefficients of the Intensity Profile of a Reflection. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 22, 363-371.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0021889889004085
[23] Warren, B.E. and Averbach, B.L. (1950) The Effect of Cold-Work Distortion on X-Ray Patterns. Journal of Applied Physics, 21, 595-599.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1699713
[24] Hall, I.H. and Somashekar, R. (1991) The Determination of Crystal Size and Disorder from the X-Ray Diffraction Photograph of Polymer Fibres. 2. Modelling Intensity Profiles. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 24, 1051-1059.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0021889891007707
[25] Shahmoradi, B., Ibrahim, I.A., Sakamoto, N., Ananda, S., Somashekar, R., Row, T.N.G. and Byrappa, K. (2010) Photocatalytic Treatment of Municipal Wastewater Using Modified Neodymium Doped Tio2 Hybrid Nanoparticles. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A, 45, 1248-1255.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10934529.2010.493807
[26] Stokes, A.R. (1948) A Numerical Fourier-Analysis Method for the Correction of Widths and Shapes of Lines on X-Ray Powder Photographs. Proceedings of Physical Society London, 61, 382-391.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0959-5309/61/4/311
[27] Warren, B.E. (1969) X-Ray Diffraction. Addison-Wesley, New York.
[28] Press, W.H., Teukolsky, S.A., Vetterling, W.T. and Flannery, B.P. (1996) Numerical Recipes in Fortran 90: The Art of Parallel Scientific Computing. 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[29] Parameswara, P., Demappa, T., Mahadevaiah, Prakash, Y., Somashekarappa, H., Byrappa, K. and Somashekar, R. (2012) Polymeric Degradation of Water Soluble Chitosan/HPMC Films Using WAXS Data. Material Research Innovations, 16, 126-129.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1433075X11Y.0000000028
[30] Mallu, P., Siddaramaiah and Somashekar, R. (2000) Synthesis and Characterization of Castor Oil Based Polyurethane-Polyacrylonitrile Interpenetrating Polymer Networks. Bulletin of Material Sciences, 23, 413-418.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02708392
[31] Divakara, S., Madhu, S. and Somashekar, R. (2009) Stacking Faults and Microstructural Parameters in Non-Mulberry Silk Fibres. Pramana, 73, 927-938.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12043-009-0159-8
[32] Prakash, Y., Mahadevaiah, Somashekarappa, H., Demappa, T. and Somashekar, R. (2012) Microstructural Parameters of HPMC/PVP Polymer Blends Using Wide Angle X-Ray Technique. Journal of Research Updates in Polymer Science, 1, 24-31.
http://dx.doi.org/10.6000/1929-5995.2012.01.01.4

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.