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Phelipanche aegyptiaca Management with Glyphosate in Potato

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.616256    3,193 Downloads   3,574 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Two years field and greenhouse studies were carried out to evaluate the efficacy of sub-lethal doses of glyphosate (Round upR), ammonia gas, phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid against Phelipanche aegyptiaca in potato. Results showed that sequential application of sub-lethal doses of glyphosate at all tested rates significantly reduced P. aegyptiaca shoot number and shoot dry weight. While, the use of ammonia gas, phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid had no significant effect on the total level of P. aegyptiaca infection as compared to the control. The best results considering both P. aegyptiaca control and selectivity in potato were obtained by sequential application of sub-lethal doses of glyphosate at 60 and 80 g·ai·ha-1. Sequential application of glyphosate at 60 g·ai·ha-1 reduced P. aegyptiaca infection by 100% after 100 days after potato emergence (DAPE). Except for sequential application of glyphosate at 60 and 80 g·ai·ha-1, all tested rates enhanced the maturity rate of potato plants and decreased the number of marketable potato tubers.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Haidar, M. and Shdeed, E. (2015) Phelipanche aegyptiaca Management with Glyphosate in Potato. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 2540-2549. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.616256.

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