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Empathy Levels of Dentistry Students in Peru and Argentina

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.710141    2,282 Downloads   2,795 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To compare the empathy of students in two faculties of Dentistry in Peru and Argentina, three factors were considered: universities, academic year and gender. Material and Methods: Empathy matrices in Dentistry students were measured using the Jefferson Scale of Empathy, culturally validated in Peru and Argentina. Empathy data were compared among and within the faculties tested using a three-factor analysis of variance (model III), a Duncan test, and a discriminant analysis. The level of significance used was less than 0.05. Results: We found that differences existed between the students tested. The comparison between the levels of empathy in the studied factors and the presence of unexplained variance showed that empathy was able to differentiate populations. Conclusions: The results indicate variability in the empathy values associated with the factors studied. The discriminant test confirms the differences between faculties revealed by the data matrix resulting from the JSE. These differences are possibly due to the effect of educational and social factors.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Díaz-Narváez, V. , Gutierrez-Ventura, F. , de Villalba, T. , Salcedo-Rioja, M. , Calzadilla-Núñez, A. , Hamdan-Rodríguez, M. and Cervantes, M. (2015) Empathy Levels of Dentistry Students in Peru and Argentina. Health, 7, 1268-1274. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.710141.

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