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Multisource Disaster Chain and Control in Regional Water Environment of the Dongjiang Lake in China

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DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.715096    2,336 Downloads   2,680 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

On the background of analysis on region water environment safety in the Dongjiang Lake of south-central China, the source of pollution of water environment and its control are studied. The concept of region environment disaster chain is put forward on the basis of combination study on the disaster chain theory and pollution problem in regional water environment. Through identification and analysis of pollution disaster resources in regional water environment of the Dongjiang Lake, the annual emission of the chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen, total phosphorus (TP) and heavy metal (Cd, As, Pb) are counted. According to evaluation on structure proportion of contaminants in the Dongjiang Lake, agricultural non-point source is the uppermost pollution source, which accounted for 87.74% in total pollution load. Ammonia nitrogen, TP and COD are mainly contaminants accounted for 94.27% in total pollution load. By analyzing danger of contaminants in the lake, basic form of disaster chain of water environment pollution is built elementarily. It shows characteristics of branches and trunk basin disaster chain and embodies multisource disaster implication chain caused by human activities. Then, disaster resources chain-cutting methods for pollution prevention and control of regional water environment of the Dongjiang Lake are analyzed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Gao, F. and Xiao, R. (2015) Multisource Disaster Chain and Control in Regional Water Environment of the Dongjiang Lake in China. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 1174-1182. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.715096.

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