Share This Article:

Effect of NaCl Doping on Growth, Characterization, Optical and Dielectric Properties of Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate (KHP) Crystals

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:918KB) PP. 399-407
DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2015.510040    4,632 Downloads   5,446 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Single crystals of sodium chloride doped Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate (KHP) were grown from aqueous solution by slow evaporation method at room temperature. The powder X-ray diffraction analysis was carried out and lattice cell parameters estimated. FTIR studies confirm the presence of functional groups and slight distortion of groups due to doping of sodium metal. UV-visible and photoluminescence spectral studies revealed to understand the optical properties. The NLO property of grown crystals has been confirmed by Kurtz powder technique. Dielectric studies of samples showed that dielectric constant decreased slowly with increasing frequency and attains saturation at higher frequencies.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Raju, R. , Dharamaprakash, S. and Jayanna, H. (2015) Effect of NaCl Doping on Growth, Characterization, Optical and Dielectric Properties of Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate (KHP) Crystals. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 5, 399-407. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2015.510040.

References

[1] Marcy, H.O., Warren, L.F., Webb, M.S., Ebbers, C.A., Velsko, S.P., Kennedy, G.C. and Catella, G.C. (1992) Second-Harmonic Generation in Zinc Tris(Thiourea) Sulfate. Applied Optics, 31, 5051-5060.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.31.005051
[2] Jones, L., Paschen, K.W. and Nicholson, J.B. (1963) Performance of Curved Crystals in the Range 3 to 12A. Applied Optics, 2, 955-961.
[3] Miyashita, Y.O., Murakami, A., Aoki, K. and Yamaguchi, S. (1991) Proceedings of the SPIE—The International Society for Optical Engineering, 1503, 463.
[4] Sudhahar, S., Krishnakumar, M., Jayaramakrsishanan, V., Muralidharan, R. and Mohankumar, R. (2014) Effect of Sm+ Rare Earth Ion on the Structural, Thermal, Mechanical and Optical properties of Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate Single Crystals. Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 30, 13-18.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmst.2013.08.017
[5] George, J. and Premachanran, S.K. (1981) Dislocation and Indentation Studies on Potassium Acid Phthalate Crystals. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 14, 1277-1281.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/14/7/015
[6] Khant, M.D.S. and Narasimhamurthy, T.S. (1982) Elas-to-Optic Studies on Potassium Acid Phthalate Single Crystal. Journal of Materials Science Letters, 1, 268-270.
[7] Comoretto, D., Rossi, L. and Borghesi, A. (1997) Optical Properties of Potassium Acid Phthalate. Journal of Materials Science Letters, 12, 1262-1267.
[8] Bhat, S.G. and Dharmaprakash, S.M. (1998) A New Metal-Organic Crystal: Bismuth Thiourea Chloride. Materials Research Bulletin, 33, 833.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-5408(98)00049-X
[9] Meenakshisundaram, S., Parthiban, S., Sarathi, N., Kalavathy, R. and Bhagavannarayana, G. (2006) Effect of Organic Dopants on ZTS Single Crystals. Journal of Crystal Growth, 293, 376-381.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2006.04.094
[10] Belyaev, L.M., Belikova, G.S., Gil’varg, A.B., et al. (1969) Soviet Physics-Crystallography, 14, 544-549.
[11] Belikova, G.S., Belyaev, L.M., Golove?, M.P., et al. (1974) Soviet Physics Crystallography, 19, 351-355.
[12] Okaya, Y. (1965) The Crystal Structure of Potassium Acid Phthalate, KC6H4COOH.COO. Acta Crystallographica, 19, 879-882.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0365110X65004590
[13] Enculescu, M. (2010) Morphological and Optical Properties of Doped Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate Crystals. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 405, 3722-3727.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2010.05.074
[14] Timpanaro, S., Sassella, A., Borghesi, A.Z., Porzio, W., Fontaine, P. and Goldmann, M. (2001) Crystal Structure of Epitaxial Quaterthiophene Thin Films Grown on Potassium Acid Phthalate. Advanced Materials, 3, 127-130.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(200101)13:2<127::AID-ADMA127>3.0.CO;2-Y
[15] Stemmler, B.L. and Legrand, P. (1995) Measurement of the X-Ray Spectrometric Properties of Cesium Hydro Phthalate (CsAP) Crystal with the Synchrotron Radiation. Review of Scientific Instruments, 66, 1601.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1145920
[16] Benedict, J.B., Wallace, P.M., Reid, P.J. and Jang, S.-H. (2003) Up-Conversion Luminescence in Dye-Doped Crystals of Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate. Advanced Materials, 15, 1068-1070.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.200303715
[17] Prasad, P.N. and Williams, D.J. (1991) Introduction to Nonlinear Effects in Molecules and Polymers. Wiley, Berlin.
[18] Zhang, H.W., Batra, A.K. and Lal, R.B. (1994) Growth of Large Methyl-(2,4-Dinitrophenyl)-Aminopropanoate: 2-Methyl-4-Nitroaniline Crystals for Nonlinear Op-tical Applications. Journal of Crystal Growth, 137, 141-144.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-0248(94)91262-9
[19] Kuznetsov, V.A., Okhrimenko, J.M. and Rak, M. (1998) Growth Promoting Effect of Organic Impurities on Growth Kinetics of KAP and KDP Crystals. Journal of Crystal Growth, 193, 164-173.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0248(98)00489-8
[20] Ramsamy, G., Parthiban, S., Meenakshisundaram, S.P. and Mojumdar, S.C. (2010) Influence of Alkali Metal Sodium Doping on the Properties of Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate (KHP) Crystals. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 100, 861-865.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-010-0678-z
[21] Shannon, R.D. (1976) Revised Effective Ionic Radii and Systematic Studies of Interatomic Distances in Halides and Chalcogenides. Acta Crystallographica Section A, A32, 751-767.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0567739476001551
[22] Vasudevan, G., Anbusrinivasan, P., Madhurambal, G. and Mojumdar, S.C. (2009) Thermal Analysis, Effect of Dopants, Spectral Characterisation and Growth Aspects of KAP Crystals. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 96, 99-102.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-008-9880-7
[23] Meenakshisundaram, S.P., Parthiban, S., Madhurambal, G. and Mojumdar, S.C. (2008) Effect of Chelating Agent (1,10-Phenanthroline) on Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate Crystals. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 94, 21-25.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-008-9182-0
[24] Muthu, K., Bhagavannarayana, G., Chandrasekaran, C., Parthiban, S., Meenakshisundaram, S.P., and Mojumdar, S.C. (2010) Os(VIII) Doping Effects on the Properties and Crystalline Perfection of Potassium Hydrogen Phthalate (KHP) Crystals. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 100, 793-799.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-010-0759-z
[25] Gayathri, K., Krishnan, P., Rajkumar, P.R. and Anbalagan, G. (2014) Growth, Optical, Thermal and Mechanical Characterization of an Organic Crystal: Brucinium 5-Sulfosalicylate Trihydrate. Bulletin of Materials Science, 37, 1589-1595.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12034-014-0721-y
[26] Kurtz, S.K. and Perry, J.J. (1968) A Powder Technique for the Evaluation of Nonlinear Optical Materials. Journal of Applied Physics, 39, 3798.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1656857
[27] Meenakshisundaram, S., Parthiban, S., Bhagavannarayana, G., Madhurambal, G. and Mojumdar, S.C. (2006) Influence of Organic Solvent on Tristhioureazinc(II)Sulphate Crystals. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 96, 125-129.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10973-008-9884-3
[28] Rak, M., Eremin, N.N., Eremina, T.A., Kuznetsov, V.A., Okhrimenko, T.M. and Furmanova, N.G. (2005) On the Mechanism of Impurity Influence on Growth Kinetics and Surface Morphology of KDP Crystals—I: Defect Centres Formed by Bivalent and Trivalent Impurity Ions Incorporated in KDP Structure—Theoretical Study. Journal of Crystal Growth, 273, 577-585.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2004.09.067
[29] Wang, Y. and Eaton, D.F. (1985) Optically Non-Linear Organic Molecules Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes. Chemical Physics Letters, 120, 441-444.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-2614(85)85637-2
[30] Narasimha, B., Choudhary, R.N. and Roa, K.V. (1988) Dielectric Properties of LaPO4 Ceramics. Journal of Materials Science, 23, 1416-1418.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01154610
[31] Roa, K.V. and Samakula, C. (1965) Dielectric Properties of Cobalt Oxide, Nickel Oxide, and Their Mixed Crystals. Journal of Applied Physics, 36, 2031.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1714397
[32] von Hundelshausen, U. (1971) Electrooptic Effect and Dielectric Properties of Cadmium-Mercury-Thiocyanate Crystals. Physics Letters A, 34, 405-406.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(71)90939-x
[33] Balarew, C. and Duhlew, R. (1984) Application of the Hard and Soft Acids and Bases Concept to Explain Ligand Coordination in Double Salt Structures. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 55, 1-6.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-4596(84)90240-8

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.