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Not All “BAD” Cholesterol Carriers Are Necessarily Bad and Not All “GOOD” Cholesterol Carriers Are as Good as Can Be: Plasma Delipidation, a Non-Pharmacological Treatment for Atherosclerosis

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.69092    2,212 Downloads   2,513 Views  
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ABSTRACT

More than four decades ago it was established that an elevated low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level was a risk for developing coronary artery disease. For the last two decades, statins have been the cornerstone of reducing low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, but despite significant clinical efficacy in the majority of patients, a large number of patients suffer from side effects and cannot tolerate the required statin dose to reach their recommended low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol goals. Preliminary clinical studies indicate that monoclonal antibodies to PCSK9 appear to be highly efficacious in lowering low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol with a favourable adverse event profile. However, further longer-term clinical studies are required to determine their safety. From the early-proposed concept for high-density lipoprotein-mediated cholesterol efflux for the treatment of coronary artery disease, the concentration of the cholesterol content in high-density lipoprotein particles has been considered a surrogate measurement for the efficacy of the reverse cholesterol transport process. However, unlike the beneficial effects of the statins and monoclonal antibodies to PCSK9 in reducing low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, no significant advances have been made to increase the levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol. Here it is shown that by a non-pharmacological plasma delipidation means, the atherogenic low-density lipoproteins can be converted to anti-atherogenic particles and that the high-density lipoproteins are converted to particles with extreme high affinity to cause rapid regression of atherosclerosis.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Cham, B. (2015) Not All “BAD” Cholesterol Carriers Are Necessarily Bad and Not All “GOOD” Cholesterol Carriers Are as Good as Can Be: Plasma Delipidation, a Non-Pharmacological Treatment for Atherosclerosis. International Journal of Clinical Medicine, 6, 690-699. doi: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.69092.

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