Share This Article:

Feasibility Study of a National Web-Based GIS Application to Assess the Risk of Pesticide Drift in the U.S.

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:379KB) PP. 20-24
DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.37003    2,797 Downloads   3,359 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Agricultural pollution is a major issue in the United States (U.S.) and the world. Biotic and abiotic farming byproducts adversely affect the ecosystem and human health. While pesticides and fertilizers are the primary sources of agricultural pollution, organic agriculture can help remediate the negative effects on humans and the ecosystem. However, many factors like chemical drift can limit this advantage. This paper presents a feasibility study of a web-based (Geografic Information System) GIS application which can model and predict the areas affected by agricultural chemicals drift. Other applications exist with limited assumptions that make their outcomes far from reality. A root definition and a rich picture are developed as well as a Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis. Because of the huge geographical context, data requirements and analyses requirements are expected to be massive. Nonetheless, despite the expected challenges, the advantages of the proposed application outweigh the risks.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Anderson, F. and Al-Thani, N. (2015) Feasibility Study of a National Web-Based GIS Application to Assess the Risk of Pesticide Drift in the U.S.. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 3, 20-24. doi: 10.4236/gep.2015.37003.

References

[1] Wier, M. and Anderson, L.M. (2003) Demand for Organic Foods—Attitudes, Values and Purchasing Behaviors. Newsletter from Danish Research Center Farming, 2, 1-3.
[2] Wilson, J.D., Whittingham, M.J. and Bradbury, R.B. (2005) The Management of Crop Structure: A General Approach to Reversing the Impacts of Agricultural Intensification on Birds? Ibis, 147, 453-463.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919x.2005.00440.x
[3] Gabriel, D., Carver, S.J., Durham, H., Kunin, W.E., Palmer, R.C., Sait, S.M., Stagl, S. and Benton, T.G. (2009) The Spatial Aggregation of Organic Farming in England and Its Underlying Environmental Correlates. Journal of Applied Ecology, 46, 323-333.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2009.01624.x
[4] Lichtfouse, E. (2009) Sociology, Organic Farming, Climate Change and Soil Science. Springer, Dordrecht.
[5] Ongley, E.D. (996) Control of Water Pollution from Agriculture. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 55, FAO, Rome.
[6] Convey, G.R. and Pretty, J.N. (988) Fertilizer Risks in the Developing Countries: A Review. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.
[7] Dahan, O., Babad, A., Lazarovitch, N., Russak, E.E. and Kurtzman, D. (2013) Nitrate Leaching from Intensive Organic Farms to Groundwater. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 10, 9915.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/hessd-10-9915-2013
[8] Jeffords, J.M. (2011) Effects of Organic Farming on Water Quality.
https://www.uvm.edu/~vlrs/Environment/organic%20farming%20and%20lake%20pollution.pdf
[9] Ignazi, J.C. (1993) Prevention of Water Pollution by Agriculture and Related Activities. Proceedings of the FAO Expert Consultation, Water Report 1, 247-261.
[10] Maynard, E., Overstreet, B. and Riddle, J. (2011) Watch out for: Pesticide Drift and Organic Production.
https://www.extension.purdue.edu/extmedia/ho/dw-1-w.pdf
[11] Economic Research Service (ERS) (2014) Major Land Uses.
http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/major-land-uses.aspx
[12] Economic Research Service (ERS) (2013) Organic Production.
http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/organic-production.aspx
[13] EPA (2015) Reducing Pesticide Drift. http://www2.epa.gov/reducing-pesticide-drift
[14] Lee, E.H., Burdick, C.A. and Olszyk, D.M. (2005) GIS-Based Risk Assessment of Pesticide Drift Case Study: Fresno County.
http://www.epa.gov/wed/pages/publications/authored/EPA600R-05029PesticideDriftLee.pdf
[15] Petch, J. and Reeve, D.E. (1999) GIS, Organisations and People: A Socio-Technical Approach. CRC Press, Boca Raton.
[16] Mennecke, B.E. and West, L.A. (2001) Geographic Information Systems in Developing Countries: Issues in Data Collection, Management, and Use. The Journal of Global Information Management, 9, 45-55.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/jgim.2001100103
[17] Lazakidou, A.A. (2009) Web-Based Applications in Healthcare and Biomedicine. Springer Science & Business Media, New York.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.