Share This Article:

Frequency of Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors Such as Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in a Benin Rural Area

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:413KB) PP. 50-57
DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2015.53009    3,103 Downloads   3,531 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The fight against cardiovascular diseases requires the knowledge of their modifiable risk factors. This study aimed to assess the level of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in a rural area in order to develop a prevention program. Methods: This is an analytical and cross-sectional study on data collected during a fairground medical consultation of adults from 20 to 25 May 2013, in both border districts of the municipality of Djidja (Agouna and Houto). The studied parameters were the capillary blood glucose profile, blood pressure profile, waist circumference (WC) and Body Mass Index (BMI). Diabetes is defined by a fasting blood glucose ≥ 1.26 g/L two times. Hypertension is defined according to the criteria of JNC VII and obesity by BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2; abdominal obesity is defined by a WC above 102 cm in men and 88 cm in women. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 18.0. Results: A total of 926 people were included among whom 57.8% were women. The average age was 38.43 ± 15.84 years. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 2.9%. The prevalence of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) was 8.4%; 10.8% of studied population had abdominal obesity and 19.2% had hypertension. Age above 35 years and obesity were significantly associated with hypertension. Risk factors of obesity (IMC ≥ 30 kg/m2) were the place of residence (Agouna), the female gender, age between 35 and 64 and abdominal obesity. Conclusion: The frequency of cardiovascular risk factors, although small compared to the national level, remains a concern in the investigated rural communities. This must lead to undertake a survey on the lifestyle and dietary habits of the inhabitants of these areas.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Zannou, D. , Agbodande, A. , Azon-Kouanou, A. , Wanvoegbe, F. , Codjo, L. , Dovonou, A. , Baglo, D. and Houngbe, F. (2015) Frequency of Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors Such as Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension in a Benin Rural Area. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 5, 50-57. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2015.53009.

References

[1] World Health Organization (2010) Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2010. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data, 176 p.
[2] National Institute of Statistics and Economic Analysis (2004) Specifications Villages and City Districts Department ZOU. Demographic Studies Department, Cotonou, 29 p.
[3] Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (2001) Executive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA, 285, 2486-2497. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jama.285.19.2486
[4] Pessinaba, S., Mbayea, A., Yabéta, G.A.D., Harouna, H., Sib, A.E., Kane, A.D., et al. (2013) Prevalence Survey of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in the General Population in St. Louis (Senegal). Annales de Cardiologie et d’Angéiologie, 62, 253-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ancard.2013.02.005
[5] Houinato, D.S., Gbary, A.R., Houehanou, Y.C., Djrolo, F., Amoussou, M., Segnon-Agueh, J., et al. (2012) Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Risk Factors in Benin. Revue d épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 60, 95-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respe.2011.09.010
[6] National Institute of Statistics and the Economic Analysis (2003) Third General Census of Population and Housing: Brief Summary of the Analysis. Demographic Studies Branch, Cotonou, 48 p.
[7] Djrolo, F., Houinato, D., Gbary, A., Akoha, R., Djigbénoudé, O. and Sègnon, J. (2012) Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus in the Adult Population in Cotonou, Benin. Médecine des maladies Métaboliques, 6, 167-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1957-2557(12)70386-3
[8] Silva-Matos, C., Gomes, A., Azevedo, A., Damasceno, A., Prista, A. and Lunet, N. (2011) Diabetes in Mozambique: Prevalence, Management and Healthcare Challenges. Diabetes & Metabolism, 37, 237-244.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2010.10.006
[9] Williamsa, E.A., Keenan, K.E., Ansong, D., Simpson, L.M., Boakye, I., Boaheng, J.M., et al. (2013) The Burden and Correlates of Hypertension in Rural Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome, 7, 123-128.
[10] Florez, H., Palacio, A. and Tamariz, L. (2008) Syndrome métabolique, diabète et maladies cardiovasculaires: Un lien avéré. Diabètes Voice, 53, 21-24.
[11] Standl, E. (2005) Aetiology and Consequences of the Metabolic Syndrome. European Heart Journal, 7, D10-D13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/sui023
[12] Borys, J.M. and Dievart, F. (2006) Abdominal Obesity. Les cahiers de formation continue du quotidien du pharmacien, cahier 2, 1-15.
[13] Junquero, D. and Rival, Y. (2005) Metabolic Syndrome: What Definition for What Treatment(s)? Medecine/Sciences, 21, 1045-1053. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/medsci/200521121045
[14] Ntyonga-Pono, M.P. (1996) Hypertension in Gabonese Diabetic. Médecined’ Afrique Noire, 43, 434-437.
[15] Hendriks, M.E., Wit, F.W.N.M., Roos, M.T.L., Brewster, L.M., Akande, T.M., de Beer, I.H., et al. (2012) Hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africa: Cross-Sectional Surveys in Four Rural and Urban Communities. PLoS ONE, 7, e32638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0032638
[16] Kotwani, P., Kwarisiima, D., Clark, T.D., Kabami, J., Geng, E.H. and Jain, V. (2013) Epidemiology and Awareness of Hypertension in Arural Ugandan Community: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Public Health, 13, 1151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-1151
[17] Kunutsor, S. and Powles, J. (2009) Descriptive Epidemiology of Blood Pressure in a Rural Adult Population in Northern Ghana. Rural and Remote Health, 9, 1095. http://www.rrh.org.au
[18] Howard, B.V., Lee, E.T., Yeh, J.L., Go, O., Fabsitz, R.R., Devereux, R.B., et al. (1996) Hypertension in Adult American Indians: The Strong Heart Study. Hypertension, 28, 256-264.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.28.2.256

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.