Share This Article:

Effect of Polyacrylamide Application on Water and Nutrient Movements in Soils

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1191KB) PP. 76-81
DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2015.43008    3,048 Downloads   3,643 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

An understanding of nutrient movement in soil is important for developing management strategies to minimize nutrient leaching and surface movement, thus improving nutrient uptake by plants, maintaining a sustainable soil system, and even protecting groundwater quality. Polyacrylamide (PAM) is known as one of soil conditioner that functions to stabilize soil structure, increase infiltration, and reduce surface runoff. This study assesses the effects of PAM on the vertical movement of soil-water and major/minor nutrients (NO3-N, NH3-N, T-N, PO4-P, T-P, K, Ca, Mg, and Fe) in soils. Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) increases with increasing PAM concen- trations up to 10 mg·L-1 for sand and 20 mg·L-1 for a mixture of sand and clay. Decreases in the loss of soluble nutrients, particularly NH3-N, PO4-P and T-P, are observed as PAM concentrations increase. In contrast, PAM concentration has no effect on nitrate and minor nutrient levels. These results indicate that the application of PAM may be a viable method for protecting water bodies from excessive nutrients and improving nutrient availability for plants.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Kim, M. , Song, I. , Kim, M. , Kim, S. , Kim, Y. , Choi, Y. and Seo, M. (2015) Effect of Polyacrylamide Application on Water and Nutrient Movements in Soils. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 4, 76-81. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2015.43008.

References

[1] Kim, M., Kim, S., Kim, J., Lee, S., Kim, Y. and Cho, Y. (2013) Biodegradable Check Dam and Synthetic Polymer, Its Experimental Evaluation for Turbidity Control of Agricultural Drainage Water. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 46, 458-462. http://dx.doi.org/10.7745/KJSSF.2013.46.6.458
[2] Smith, R.A., Schwarz, G.E. and Alexander, R.B. (1997) Regional Interpretation of Water Quality Monitoring Data. Water Resources Research, 33, 2781-2798. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/97WR02171
[3] American Farmland Trust (2013) Annual Report.
http://162.242.222.244/documents/AFT_ar2013_web.pdf
[4] Bahr, G.L. and Stieber, T.D. (1996) Reduction of Nutrient and Pesticides Losses through the Application of Polyacrylamide in Surface Irrigated Crops. Proceedings of Managing Irrigation-Induced Erosion and Infiltration with PAM, Twin Falls, 6-8 May 1996, 41-48.
[5] Entry, J.A. and Sojka, R.E. (2003) The Efficacy of Polyacrylamide to Reduce Nutrient Movement from an Irrigated Field. Transactions of the ASABE, 46, 75-83.
[6] Sojka, R.E., Lentz, R.D., Ross, C.W., Trout, T.J., Bjorneberg, D.L. and Aase, J.K. (1998) Polyacrylamide Effects on Infiltration in Irrigated Agriculture. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 53, 325-331.
[7] Lentz, R.D. (2003) Inhibiting Water Infiltration with Polyacrylamide and Surfactants: Applications for Irrigated Agriculture. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 58, 290-300.
[8] Lentz, R.D., Sojka, R.E. and Robbins, C.W. (1998) Reducing Phosphorus Losses from Surface-Irrigated Fields: Emerging Polyacrylamide Technology. Journal of Environmental Quality, 27, 305-312.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq1998.00472425002700020009x
[9] Lentz, R.D., Sojka, R.E. and Robbins, C.W. (1998) Reducing Soil and Nutrient Losses from Furrow Irrigated Fields with Polymer Applications. Advances in GeoEcology, 31, 1233-1238.
[10] Jung, Y., Yang, J., Park, C., Kwon, Y. and Joo, Y. (1998) Changes of Stream Water Quality and Loads of N and P from the Agricultural Watershed of the Yulmunchon Tributary of the Buk-Han River Basin. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 41, 83-93.
[11] Heo, S., Jun, M., Park, S., Kim, K., Kang, S., Ok, Y. and Lim, K. (2008) Analysis of Soil Erosion Reduction Ratio with Changes in Soil Reconditioning Amount for Highland Agricultural Crops. Journal of Korean Society on Water Quality, 24, 185-194.
[12] Choi, B., Lim, J., Choi, Y., Lim, K., Choi, J., Joo, J., Yang, J. and Ok, Y. (2009) Applicability of PAM(Polyacrylamide) in Soil Erosion Prevention: Rainfall Simulation Experiments. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 28, 249- 257. http://dx.doi.org/10.5338/KJEA.2009.28.3.249
[13] Kim, M., Boone, S.A. and Gerba, C.P. (2009) Factors That Influence the Transport of Bacillus cereus Spores through Sand. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 199, 151-157.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-008-9867-9
[14] Oosterbaan, R.J. and Nijland, H.J. (1994) Determining the Saturated Hydraulic Conductivity. Chapter 12, In: Ritzema, H.P., Ed., Drainage Principles and Applications, International Institute for Land Reclamation and Improvement (ILRI), Wageningen, 1125.
[15] American Public Health Association (APHA) (2012) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 22nd Edition, Washington DC, 4-156.
[16] Silva, L., Almeida, B., Melo, D., Marques, K. and Almeida, C. (2013) Polyacrylamide Effect on Hydraulic Conductivity of Hardsetting Soils in Northeast of Brazil. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 15, EGU2013-13309-2.
[17] Ketterings, Q., Reid, S. and Rao, R. (2007) Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), Agronomy Fact Sheet Series (22). Cornel University Cooperative Extension.
[18] Lu, J.H., Wu, L. and Letey, J. (2002) Effects of Soil and Water Properties on Anionic Polyacrylamide Sorption. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 66, 578-584.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2002.5780

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.