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Morphological and Rheological Properties of Starches Separated from Cultivars of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) from North East India

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.612202    2,992 Downloads   3,698 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Starch granules isolated from different accessions of rice from North East India showed a typical polygonal morphology with size ranging from 3.4 ± 0.8 μm to 6.4 ± 1.2 μm. The apparent amylose content (AAC) of the granules varied from 1.9% to 28.33%. Our results identify starch from IC-583088 as “waxy” and IC-583085, IC-583038, DPRR-168 as “very low” amylo-. The coefficient of resistance to flow (n) for starch pastes from the varieties of rice studied in the present investigation recorded a value of <1.0. The observed “n” value deviates from the Newtonian flow indicating the pseudoplastic nature of starches isolated from these varieties. While starch pastes from the accession IC-583088 recorded the highest ‘‘n’’ value of 0.6, that from the accession IC-545197 showed the lowest value of 0.03. The variations in coefficient of resistance to flow clearly revealed a higher ‘‘n’’ value for starch pastes from the “waxy” and ‘‘low” amylo-cultivars than the “intermediate” or ‘‘high” amylo-cultivars. Our results clearly established characteristic rheological properties for starches from the accessions SKY-AK-1608, IC-583035, YS-RC-219, IC-564939 and IC-332963, which exhibited greater resistance to thinning and shearing than other varieties.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Chrungoo, N. and Devi, A. (2015) Morphological and Rheological Properties of Starches Separated from Cultivars of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) from North East India. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 2019-2031. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.612202.

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