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Assessing the Impact of Using Different Land Cover Classification in Regional Modeling Studies for the Manaus Area, Brazil

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DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.36013    3,147 Downloads   3,544 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Land cover classification is one of the main components of the modern weather research and forecasting models, which can influence the meteorological variable, and in turn the concentration of air pollutants. In this study the impact of using two traditional land use classifications, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), were evaluated. The Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF, version 3.2.1) was run for the period 18 - 22 August, 2014 (dry season) at a grid spacing of 3 km centered on the city of Manaus. The comparison between simulated and ground-based observed data revealed significant differences in the meteorological fields, for instance, the temperature. Compared to USGS, MODIS classification showed better skill in representing observed temperature for urban areas of Manaus, while the two files showed similar results for nearby areas. The analysis of the files suggests that the better quality of the simulations favorable to the MODIS file is straightly related to its better representation of urban class of land use, which is observed to be not adequately represented by USGS.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Rafee, S. , Kawashima, A. , Morais, M. , Urbina, V. , Martins, L. and Martins, J. (2015) Assessing the Impact of Using Different Land Cover Classification in Regional Modeling Studies for the Manaus Area, Brazil. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 3, 77-82. doi: 10.4236/gep.2015.36013.

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