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Complications of Pregnancy in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Gabon)

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2015.58064    2,171 Downloads   2,567 Views  

ABSTRACT

Pregnancy and systemic lupus erythematosus in black African women: about 10 cases in Libreville (Gabon). Objectives: Through a study in a population of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pregnant black Gabonese women, we describe the characteristics of these pregnancies to clarify their main complications and to make recommendations to their follow-up in low resource countries. Patients and Methods: This is a longitudinal descriptive study conducted over a period of six years, from 1 January 2008 to October 31, 2013, in Libreville (Gabon). We’ve included, systemic lupus erythematosus women carrying a pregnancy during the period of the study. Results: Seventy-two SLE women were followed and were eligible. Only 8 patients (11%) were pregnant during the follow up period. These 8 SLE patients allowed us to monitor 10 pregnancies. The average parity was 0.88. Eight pregnancies in ten (80%) had complications and most frequent was preeclampsia. Nine pregnancies (90%) resulted in the birth of viable children of which 4 (44.4%) were born by caesarean section and the 5 others (55.6%) were born by natural route. Conclusion: We recommend a monthly prenatal care for these high-risk pregnancies and early detection of preeclampsia.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mayi-Tsonga, S. , Missounga, L. , Ibaba, J. , Edoa, J. and Kombila, J. (2015) Complications of Pregnancy in Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Gabon). Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 443-447. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.58064.

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