Share This Article:

Prospects of Biotechnological Approaches for Propagation and Improvement of Threatened African Sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.)

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:246KB) PP. 1822-1826
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611183    2,394 Downloads   2,942 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The African Sandalwood plant (Osyris lanceolata ) is a threatened shrub or a small hemi-parasitic tree endemic to East Africa and South African regions, which is being severely affected by uprooting for oil extraction, poor natural regeneration, phenological structures (dioecious), medicinal values, lack of sexual recruitment, habitat loss, anthropogenic and climate factors. It has been found that through application of in situ conservation of natural trees with respect to rapid human population growth, the available natural strands of valuable plants such as African sandalwood have not been able to meet the demands of the people in world specifically developing countries. However, advances in plant biotechnology provide new options for collection, multiplication and short- to long-term conservation of Osyris lanceolata species, using in vitro culture techniques. Different aspects of biotechnological applications can be extensively used to reduce the risk of extinction of this valuable plant species and to improve the quality and quantity of essential oils produced by it. Therefore, tissue culture appears to be a promising approach for the propagation and conservation of African sandalwood plant.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Kalabamu Xavery, D. and Feyissa, T. (2015) Prospects of Biotechnological Approaches for Propagation and Improvement of Threatened African Sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1822-1826. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.611183.

References

[1] Machua, J., et al. (2009) Propagation of Osyris lanceolata (East African Sandalwood) in Recent Advances in Forestry Research for Environmental Conservation, Improved Livelihood and Economic Development. Proceedings of the 4th KEFRI Scientific Conference, KEFRI Headquarters, Muguga, 6-9 October 2008.
[2] Subasinghe, S. (2013) Sandalwood Research: A Global Perspective. Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment, 3.
[3] Mwang’ingo, P., et al. (2008) Sex Distribution, Reproductive Biology and Regeneration in the Dioecious Species Osyris lanceolata (African Sandalwood) in Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Forestry and Nature Conservation, 76, 118-133.
[4] Rugkhla, A. and Jones, M. (1998) Somatic Embryogenesis and Plantlet Formation in Santalum album and S. spicatum. Journal of Experimental Botany, 49, 563-571.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/49.320.563
[5] Ezekiel, A. (2010) Low Cost Vegetative Propagation of Tropical Trees. International Journal of Botany, 6, 187-193.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijb.2010.187.193
[6] Hartmann, H., et al. (1997) The Biology of Propagation by Cuttings. Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 6, 276-328.
[7] Daud, N.H., Jayaraman, S. and Mohamed, R. (2012) Methods Paper: An Improved Surface Sterilization Technique for Introducing Leaf, Nodal and Seed Explants of Aquilaria malaccensis from Field Sources into Tissue Culture.
[8] Teklehaimanot, Z., et al. (2004) Influence of the Origin of Stem Cutting, Season of Collection and Auxin Application on the Vegetative Propagation of African Sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata) in Tanzania. The Southern African Forestry Journal, 201, 13-24.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20702620.2004.10431770
[9] Mwang’ingo, P., et al. (2006) Propagating Osyris lanceolata (African Sandalwood) through Air Layering: Its Potential and Limitation in Tanzania. Southern African Forestry Journal, 207, 7-13.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/10295920609505247
[10] Reed, B.M., et al. (2011) Biodiversity Conservation and Conservation Biotechnology Tools. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant, 47, 1-4.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11627-010-9337-0
[11] Diffenbaugh, N.S. and Scherer, M. (2011) Observational and Model Evidence of Global Emergence of Permanent, Unprecedented Heat in the 20th and 21st Centuries. Climatic Change, 107, 615-624.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0112-y
[12] Rogers, S.M. (2003) Tissue Culture and Wetland Establishment of the Freshwater Monocots Carex, Juncus, Scirpus, and Typha. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant, 39, 1-5.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/IVP2002358
[13] Idowu, P., Ibitoye, D. and Ademoyegun, O. (2009) Tissue Culture as a Plant Production Technique for Horticultural Crops. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8, 3782-3788.
[14] Yadav, K., Singh, N. and Verma, S. (2012) Plant Tissue Culture: A Biotechnological Tool for Solving the Problem of Propagation of Multipurpose Endangered Medicinal Plants in India. Journal of Agricultural Technology, 8, 305-318.
[15] Sidhu, Y. (2011) In Vitro Micropropagation of Medicinal Plants by Tissue Culture. The Plymouth Student Scientist, 4, 432-449.
[16] Woo, S.M. and Wetzstein, H.Y. (2008) An Efficient Tissue Culture Regeneration System for Georgia Plume, Elliottia racemosa, a Threatened Georgia Endemic. HortScience, 43, 447-453.
[17] Qu, L., Polashock, J. and Vorsa, N. (2000) A Highly Efficient in Vitro Cranberry Regeneration System Using Leaf Explants. HortScience, 35, 948-952.
[18] Rangaswamy, N. and Rao, P. (1963) Experimental Studies on Santalum album L. Establishment of Tissue Culture of Endosperm. Phytomorph, 13, 450-454.
[19] Lakshmisita, G., Shobha, J. and Vaidyanathan, C. (1980) Regeneration of Whole Plants by Embryogenesis from Cell Suspension Cultures of Sandalwood. Current Science (Bangalore), 49, 196-198.
[20] Sarangi, B., Golait, A. and Thakre, R. (2000) High Frequency in Vitro Shoot Regeneration of Sandalwood. Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 22, 322-329.
[21] Mujib, A. (2005) In Vitro Regeneration of Sandal (Santalum album L.) from Leaves. Turkish Journal of Botany, 29, 63-67.
[22] Sanghamitra, S. and Chandni, U. (2010) Methodological Studies and Research on Micropropagation of Chandan (Santalum album L.): An Endangered Plant. International Journal on Science and Technology (IJSAT), 1, 10-18.
[23] North, J., Ndakidemi, P. and Laubscher, C. (2010) The Potential of Developing an in Vitro Method for Propagating Strelitziaceae. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9, 7583-7588.
[24] Smith Roberta, H. (2000) Plant Tissue Culture. Techniques and Experiments Second Edition. Academic Press, 37, 43-58.
[25] Feyissa, T., Welander, M. and Negash, L. (2005) Micropropagation of Hagenia abyssinica: A Multipurpose Tree. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, 80, 119-127.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11240-004-9157-1
[26] Muthan, B., Rathore, T.S. and Rai, V.R. (2006) Micropropagation of an Endangered Indian Sandalwood (Santalum album L.). Journal of Forest Research, 11, 203-209.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10310-006-0207-x
[27] Ravi, M., Ramanjaneyulu, P. and Rao, A.V.B. (2014) Micropropagation of Terminalia Arjuna Roxb., from Nursery Plant Material. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Science and Technology, 1, 997-1004.
[28] Rahman, A.Z., Othman, A.N., Kamaruddin, F.L.I. and Ahmad, A.B. (2015) Direct Shoot Regeneration from Callus of Melicope lunu-ankenda. Natural Science, 7, 81-87.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ns.2015.72009
[29] Murashige, T. and Skoog, F. (1962) A Revised Medium for Rapid Growth and Bio Assays with Tobacco Tissue Cultures. Physiologia Plantarum, 15, 473-497.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3054.1962.tb08052.x
[30] North, J., Ndakidemi, P. and Laubscher, C. (2011) Effects of Various Media Compositions on the in Vitro Germination and Discoloration of Immature Embryos of Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae).
[31] Nayanakantha, N., Singh, B. and Kumar, A. (2010) Improved Culture Medium for Micropropagation of Aloe vera L. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, 13, 87-93.
[32] Muthan, B., Rathore, T.S. and Rai, V.R. (2006) Factors Influencing in Vivo and in Vitro Micrografting of Sandalwood (Santalum album L.): An Endangered Tree Species. Journal of Forest Research, 11, 147-151.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10310-005-0208-1
[33] Chawla, H. (2004) Plant Biotechnology Laboratory Manual for Plant Biotechnology. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.