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Industrial Wastewater Treatment by Using MBR (Membrane Bioreactor) Review Study

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.66053    5,602 Downloads   8,620 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study demonstrated the importance, process, activation and applications of Membrane in bioreactor to treat the waste water. Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) process consists of a biological reactor integrated with membranes that combine clarification and filtration of an activated sludge process into a simplified, single step process. Operating as an MBR allows conventional activated sludge plants to become single step processes, which produce high quality effluent potentially suitable for reuse. Application of MBR technology for industrial wastewater treatment has also gained attention because of the robustness of the process. Theoretically, maintenance of long SRT in MBR is in favor of the retention and development of special microorganisms, which may lead to better removal of refractory organic matter and make the system more robust to load variations and toxic shocks. Literature suggested the conceptual expectation of enhanced biodegradation of hardly biodegradable compounds in MBR does not often come true. Improved biodegradation to certain extent has been reported in a few studies; however the underlying factors leading to such improvement still remains to be elucidated. This is comprehensive review of the studies dealing with recalcitrant industrial wastewater treatment by MBR, and casts light on the strategies to achieve enhanced biodegradation of hardly biodegradable industrial pollutants in MBR.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Fazal, S. , Zhang, B. , Zhong, Z. , Gao, L. and Chen, X. (2015) Industrial Wastewater Treatment by Using MBR (Membrane Bioreactor) Review Study. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 584-598. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.66053.

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