Share This Article:

Adaptability and Stability Analysis of Soybean Genotypes Using Toler and Centroid Methods

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:874KB) PP. 1509-1518
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.69150    3,523 Downloads   3,986 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) adaptation to new environments has been hard to predict based on maturity group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of 14 soybean genotypes, from the Soybean Breeding Program of the Federal University of Uberlandia, in their adaptive capacity and seed yield stability at 3 locations and 2 growing seasons. For the adaptability and stability analysis the Toler and Centroid methods were used; 5 genotypic groups were identified in the first whereas 4 groups were identified in the latter. By the Toler method group A was composed by 4 genotypes, UFU-001, UFU-003, UFU-0010, and UFU-001. They showed a convex pattern of adaptability and stability. In contrast, the genotypes UFU-008 and UFU-0013 were classified in Group E with a concave pattern of adaptability and stability. Regarding results from the Centroid method, the Genotype UFU-002, with higher seed yield than average, was the only genotype in Ideotype VI with moderate adaptability to favorable environments. In contrast, 10 genotypes were included in the Ideotype V, of medium general adaptability. The genotypes UFU-001, UFU-002, UFU-006, UFU-0010, and UFU-0011 were recommended for use in the Brazilian Cerrado growing region. These genotypes had high seed yield potential in high quality environments.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Hamawaki, R. , Hamawaki, O. , Oliveira Nogueira, A. , Lemes Hamawaki, C. , Sousa, L. , Lightfoot, D. and Kantartzi, S. (2015) Adaptability and Stability Analysis of Soybean Genotypes Using Toler and Centroid Methods. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1509-1518. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.69150.

References

[1] Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) (2006) Censo Agropecuário 2006: Brasil. Grandes Regiões e Unidades da Federação, Rio de Janeiro, 777 p.
[2] Cruz, C.D., Regazzi, A.J. and Carneiro, P.C.S. (2012) Modelos Biométricos Aplicados ao Melhoramento Genético. 4th Edition, Editora UFV, Viçosa, 514 p.
[3] Morais, L.K.de, Moura, M.F., Vencovsky, R. and Pinheiro, J.B. (2008) Adaptabilidade e estabilidade fenotípica em soja avaliada pelo método de Toler. Bragantia, Campinas, 67, 275-284.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052008000200003
[4] Cruz, C.D. and Regazzi, A.J. (1994) Modelos biométricos aplicados ao melhoramento genético. UFV, Viçosa, 390 p.
[5] Yates, F.A. and Cochran, W.G. (1938) The Analysis of Group of Experiments. Journal of Agricultural Science, 28, 556-580.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600050978
[6] Finlay, K.W. and Wilkinson, G.N. (1963) The Analysis of Adaptation in a Plant-Breeding Programme. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 14, 742-754.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AR9630742
[7] Eberhart, S.S. and Russel, W.A. (1966) Stability Parameters for Comparing Varieties. Crop Science, 6, 36-40.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1966.0011183X000600010011x
[8] Crossa, J. (1990) Statistical Analysis of Multilocation Trials. Advances in Agronomy, 44, 55-85.
[9] Toler, J.E. (1990) Patterns of Genotypic Performance over Environmental Arrays. Ph.D. Dissertation, Clemson University, Clemson, 154 p.
[10] Rocha, R.B., Muro-Abad, J.L., Araújo, E.F. and Cruz, C.D. (2005) Avaliação do método do Centróide para estudo de adaptabilidade ao ambiente de clones de Eucalyptus grandis. Ciência Florestal, 15, 255-266.
[11] Cruz, C.D. (2013) GENES—A Software Package for Analysis in Experimental Statistics and Quantitative Genetics. Acta Scientiarum, 35, 271-276.
[12] Ferreira, D.F. and Zambalde, A.L. (1997) Simplificação das análises de algumas técnicas especiais da experimentação agropecuária no Mapgen e softwares correlatos. In: Congresso da Sociedade Brasileira de Informática Aplicada à Agropecuária e a Agroindústria, 1, SBI, Belo Horizonte, Anais... Belo Horizonte, 285-291.
[13] Nascimento, M., Cruz, C.D., Campana, A.C.M., Tomaz, R.S., Salgado, C.C. and Ferreira, R.P. (2009) Alteração no método centróide de avaliação da adaptabilidade genotípica. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 44, 263-269.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2009000300007
[14] de Vasconcelos, E.S., Reis, M.S., Cruz, C.D., Sediyama, T. and Scapim, C.A. (2011) Integrated Method for Adaptability and Phenotypic Stability Analysis. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, 33, 251-257.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v33i2.8272
[15] Rocha, M.M. (2002) Seleção de linhagens experimentais de soja para adaptabilidade e estabilidade fenotípica. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Sao Paulo, Piracicaba.
[16] Rocha, M.M. and Vello, N.A. (1999) Interação genótipos e locais para rendimento de grãos de linhagens de soja com diferentes ciclos de maturação. Bragantia, 58, 69-81.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0006-87051999000100009
[17] Ramalho, M.A.P., Santos, J.B. and Zimmermann, M.J.O. (1993) Genética quantitativa em plantas autógamas: Aplicações no melhoramento do feijoeiro. UFG, Goiania, 271 p.
[18] Cruz, C.D. and Castoldi, F. (1991) Decomposição da interação genótipos x ambientes em partes simples e complexa. Revista Ceres, 38, 422-430.
[19] Vencovsky, R. and Barriga, P. (1992) Genética biométrica no fitomelhoramento. Sociedade Brasileira de Genética, Ribeirão Preto, 496 p.
[20] Rosse, L.N. and Vencovsky, R. (2000) Metodologia e técnicas experimentais. Bragantia, 59, 99-107.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052000000100016
[21] Bradshaw, A.D. (1965) Evolutionary Significance of Phenotypic Plasticity. Advances in Genetics, 13, 115-153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2660(08)60048-6
[22] Cruz, C.D., Regazzi, A.J. and Carneiro, P.C.S. (2004) Modelos Biométricos Aplicados ao Melhoramento Genético. 3rd Edition, Editora UFV, Viçosa, 480 p.
[23] Barros, H.B., Sediyama, T., de Melo, A.V., Fidelis, R.R. and Capone, A. (2012) Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos de soja por meio de métodos uni e multivariado. Journal of Biotechnology and Biodiversity, 3, 49-58.
[24] Oliveira, L.G., Hamawaki, O.T., Simon, G.A., Sousa, L.A., Nogueira, A.P.O., Rezende, D.F. and Hamawaki, C.D.L. (2012) Adaptability and Stability of Soybean Yield in Two Soybean Producing Regions. Bioscience Journal, 28, 852-861.
[25] Marques, M.C., Hamawaki, O.T., Sediyama, T., Bueno, M.R., Reis, M.S., Cruz, C.D. and Nogueira, A.P.O. (2011) Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos de soja em diferentes épocas de semeadura. Bioscience Journal, 27, 59-69.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.