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Self-Sensing TDR for Bearing Failure Detection of CFRP Laminate Fastener Hole with Particular Reference to the Effect of Fasteners

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DOI: 10.4236/ojcm.2015.53009    3,615 Downloads   4,081 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites (CFRP) have been applied to aerospace and automobile structures. For many CFRP structures, mechanical metallic fasteners are usually adopted. For the fasteners used in internal structures such as a wing box, the damage to the CFRP structures around fastener holes is visually quite difficult to find. A simple method to find the damage around fastener holes is required. In this study a self-sensing time domain reflectometry (TDR) method is newly applied to detect bearing failure around the fastener holes of CFRP structures. A microstrip-line method is generally used to create a transmission line. When the transmission line is mounted near the metallic fasteners, they may affect the impedance of the transmission line. In this study, the effect of distance between the fasteners and the transmission line was numerically investigated using a finite difference time domain analysis method. After finding the appropriate distance, experiments were performed to detect the bearing failure around a fastener hole. The experiments showed the performance of the self-sensing TDR for detecting bearing failure.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Todoroki, A. , Ohara, K. , Mizutani, Y. , Suzuki, Y. and Matsuzaki, R. (2015) Self-Sensing TDR for Bearing Failure Detection of CFRP Laminate Fastener Hole with Particular Reference to the Effect of Fasteners. Open Journal of Composite Materials, 5, 60-69. doi: 10.4236/ojcm.2015.53009.

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