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A Questionnaire Survey in Kidney Transplant Outpatients: Factors Associated with Good Self-Management

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.75070    2,984 Downloads   3,793 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

It is very important for outpatients who have had a kidney transplant to take care of themselves after discharge. However, outpatients have limited access to medical care by hospital staff after discharge; therefore, medical staff are unaware of the patient’s living conditions, and the uncertainties and problems that they encounter related to self-management. We conducted a questionnaire survey among 161 of 200 outpatients who received kidney transplants to investigate their recognition and actual practice of daily self-management. To determine the characteristics of adherent outpatients, we divided patients into two groups (the adherent and non-adherent group) and compared them. The Chi-squared test was conducted to test the equality of proportions among the groups, and then multiple logistic regression analysis was used to explore the factors significantly associated with regularly taking medicine or failing to take medicine. As a result of the logistic regression model using demographic factors as independent factors, the periods after transplantation (2 - 5 and 5 - 10 years) and living-donor kidney transplantation or cadaveric kidney transplantation were selected as significant factors associated with good self-management. As a whole, 68.3% of the 145 patients were correctly predicted using the model. The results of this study suggest that in the short period after transplantation (2 - 5 years), cadaveric kidney transplantation and that the patient has a job are significant factors associated with good self-management. Behind these results, a unique Japanese concept, “amae”, could be found. Therefore, medical knowledge and techniques as well as cultural background should be studied.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Shimaya, M. , Watanabe, M. , Azumi, M. , Shichiri, K. , Tomiyama, C. , Tanabe, M. , Sato, S. and Akazawa, K. (2015) A Questionnaire Survey in Kidney Transplant Outpatients: Factors Associated with Good Self-Management. Health, 7, 589-595. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.75070.

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