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The Use of New Chemically Modified Cellulose for Heavy Metal Ion Adsorption and Antimicrobial Activities

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DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.76042    4,771 Downloads   5,742 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A novel chemically modified cellulose (DTD) adsorbent bearing pendent methyl benzalaniline chelating group was synthesized. This new adsorbent was used for the removal of Cu2+ and Pb2+ heavy metal ions from aqueous solution. The chemical and structural characteristics of the adsorbent were determined using FT-IR, 13C CP-MAS NMR, SEM, EDX and TGA analysis. The adsorption parameters, such as pH, adsorbent dose, contact time, initial metal ion concentration and temperature were optimized. Adsorption kinetic parameters were fitted into pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models. The kinetic data fitted well to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The adsorption isotherms such as Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms have been investigated. Thermodynamic parameters have also been evaluated. The negative values of G0 and H0 reveal that the adsorption system is spontaneous and exothermic in nature. The modified cellulose was challenged with microorganisms as a function of contact time. The biocidal results showed that the chemically modified cellulose has bactericidal effect against the bacterial species.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Saravanan, R. and Ravikumar, L. (2015) The Use of New Chemically Modified Cellulose for Heavy Metal Ion Adsorption and Antimicrobial Activities. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 7, 530-545. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.76042.

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