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Undiagnosed Anterior Cranial Fossa Dural Arteriovenous Fistula with Intracranial Hematoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature about Its Natural History

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2015.52011    2,719 Downloads   3,064 Views  

ABSTRACT

Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) of an anterior cranial fossa are rare. Because of the high risk of intracranial hemorrhage and relatively easy access for direct surgery, aggressive treatment has been recommended. The natural history of anterior cranial fossa dAVFs (ACF dAVFs) is unclear in spite of many reports for the natural history of general dAVFs. To treat ACF dAVFs, direct surgery has traditionally been performed and endovascular surgery has recently been introduced. A 74-year-old man was transferred with severe consciousness disturbance and presented with devastating intracerebral hemorrhage on the CT scan. Digital subtraction angiography revealed the ACF dAVFs with a large venous pouch. The patient received direct surgery, nevertheless he became vegetative state. Later on, a smaller venous pouch was recognized on the CT scan when he had suffered from the thalamic hemorrhage sixteen months before. There are twelve cases including our case which was treated for a certain period and documented in detail. Eleven of twelve cases were asymptomatic. Three of the six cases with a venous pouch had some events possibly related to the disease, though none of the six cases without a venous pouch had any events during observation. In conclusion, an ACF dAVF with a venous pouch should be treated by direct surgery or endovascular surgery even if it is incidentally found. By contrast, careful observation might be a possible therapeutic option for an ACF dAVF without a venous pouch if there is mild reflux flow.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Yamaguchi, T. , Miyata, S. , Mashiko, T. and Watanabe, E. (2015) Undiagnosed Anterior Cranial Fossa Dural Arteriovenous Fistula with Intracranial Hematoma: Case Report and Review of the Literature about Its Natural History. Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery, 5, 64-69. doi: 10.4236/ojmn.2015.52011.

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