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Flavonoid Contents and Antioxidant Activity in Fruit, Vegetables and Other Types of Food

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DOI: 10.4236/as.2015.64042    4,754 Downloads   6,528 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Flavonoids are a class of natural polyphenolic compounds which cannot be synthesized by humans. These substances possess a series of biological properties, acting on biological systems as antioxidants. The purpose of this study was to analyze the properties of certain foods, determining the total flavonoids as well as their antioxidant activity and fat concentration. We evaluated several foods purchased at the local market, with respect to its antioxidant activity, using two experimental models, the discoloration of DPPH˙ radical and ABTS-. Some foods such as pitanga showed antioxidant activity. The lipid content of fatty foods like aaí, cacao and cupuaú was determined. Other foods, including pitanga, aaí, cacao and cupuaú, were evaluated for flavonoid content and antioxidant activity using multivariate statistical analysis (PCA) as a statistical tool to evaluate the correlation between these two parameters. As samples with ED50 up to 500 μg/mL show promising antioxidant activity, several Brazilian fruit and vegetables could be consumed to this end, with a good correlation between flavonoid content and antioxidant activity in most samples. The daily dose of different types of food for antioxidant activity has been calculated based on these results.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Calado, J. , Albertão, P. , Oliveira, E. , Letra, M. , Frankland Sawaya, A. and Marcucci, M. (2015) Flavonoid Contents and Antioxidant Activity in Fruit, Vegetables and Other Types of Food. Agricultural Sciences, 6, 426-435. doi: 10.4236/as.2015.64042.

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