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Biological Toxicity of Sewage Sludge Stabilized by Reed Bed on the Luminescent Bacteria

DOI: 10.4236/gep.2015.31001    2,246 Downloads   2,585 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

With the expanding scale of urban wastewater treatment, the resulting excess sludge quantity is also growing. Excess sludge treatment and disposal has become an important part of the sewage treatment. Sludge itself is rich in essential nutrients of plant growth such as nitrogen and phosphorus, so it’s a good organic fertilizer; but it often also contains harmful substances such as heavy metals. If the sludge treatment is not good, it not only can bring secondary pollution to the environment, but also can cause the waste of resources. Luminescent bacteria tests are conducted in this research by comparing the effects on the absorption and transformation of toxic substances between traditional sludge drying bed and reed bed. The study finds that the biological toxicity of surface layer sludge either in reed bed or in traditional drying bed has little change with the seasons and maintains in low level. While the biological toxicity in the bottom of sludge has change with the seasons and achieves the lowest level in summer and fall, and the biological toxicity of sludge in reed bed is lower than that of traditional drying bed.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Li, J. , Cui, Y. , Zhang, W. , Dong, Y. and Jia, S. (2015) Biological Toxicity of Sewage Sludge Stabilized by Reed Bed on the Luminescent Bacteria. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 3, 1-6. doi: 10.4236/gep.2015.31001.

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