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Photosynthetic Capacities and Productivity of Indoor Hydroponically Grown Brassica alboglabra Bailey under Different Light Sources

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.64060    3,387 Downloads   4,140 Views   Citations


A major challenge for growing vegetables in an indoor vertical farming system will be supplying not only sufficient quantity but also quality of light. It has been reported that yield of crops is enhanced under appropriate combination of red and blue light compared with red light alone. This project aims to investigate the effects of different combinations of red and blue. Plants were cultured for a 12-h photoperiod at 210 μmol·m–2·s–1 photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD) under different combinations of red (R) and blue (B) light-emitting diodes (LED). The R:B-LED ratios are: 1) 100:0 (0B); 2) 92:8 (8B); 3) 84:16 (16B) and; 4) 76:24 (24B). All combined RB-LEDs significantly increased light-saturated photosynthetic CO2 assimilation rate (Asat), stomatal conductance (gs sat) and productivity compared with those under 0B. Results suggested that 16B was the most suitable combination of LEDs to achieve the highest productivity for B. alboglabra. To further substantiate these results, comparative studies were conducted under equal photoperiod and PPFD among 16B (RB-LED), white LED (RBW-LED) and high-pressure sodium (HPS) lamps. Shoot, root biomass, leaf number, leaf mass per area and Asat were higher in plants under HPS lamps and RB-LED, than under RBW-LED. However, gs sat was lower under RB-LED and RBW-LED, than under HPS lamps. Plants under RB-LED had higher electron transport rate and photochemical quenching but lower non-photochemical quenching than those under RBW-LED and HPS lamps. Thus, these results more conclusively affirmed that 16B was the most suitable light source to achieve the highest photosynthetic capacities. The findings of this study could also be used in vertical farming to achieve the highest productivity of vegetable crops such as B. alboglabra within the shortest growth cycle with reduced energy consumption.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

He, J. , Qin, L. , Liu, Y. and Choong, T. (2015) Photosynthetic Capacities and Productivity of Indoor Hydroponically Grown Brassica alboglabra Bailey under Different Light Sources. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 554-563. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.64060.


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