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Floral Organogenesis and Ring Meristem in Phytolacca

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.63050    1,906 Downloads   2,247 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

To further study the floral organogenesis and discussing the floral origin of Phytolacca, the procedures of floral organogenesis were observed in Phytolacca esculenta and Phytolacca zhejiangensis. The results showed that the floral organogenesis was consistent in Phytolacca. Their sepals were 2/5 helix, and with counter-clockwise and clockwise, usually the first sepal located at non-median of abaxial side. The first sepal of Phytolacca esculenta was initiated at non-median of adaxial side. There was no evident relationship between sepal and stamen initiating position, and the stamens initiated on ring meristem, they initiated approximately at the same time, and when the androecium member was numerous, they initiated centrifugally, the outer stamen initiated irregularly. Carpel initiated alternately with inner stamens. And the carpels connected by septum, if the septum grew more, the carpel was syncarpous at morphology, otherwise the carpel was apocarpous at morphology. So the syncarpous and the apocarpous have no successively relationship on evolution. Ovule initiated inside the carpel and opposite to carpel. Androecium, carpel and ovule initiated at ring meristem.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Zheng, H. , Lu, A. and Hu, Z. (2015) Floral Organogenesis and Ring Meristem in Phytolacca. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 445-455. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.63050.

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