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Adaptive Backoff Algorithm for IEEE 802.11 MAC Protocol

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DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2009.24033    6,373 Downloads   12,131 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

A Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of mobile nodes that can communicate directly over wireless media, without the need for a preconfigured infrastructure. Several approaches have been suggested to improve Quality of Service (QoS) in IEEE 802.11-based MANETs through modifying some of the IEEE 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) algorithms, such as the backoff algorithm that is used to control the packets collision aftermath. In this work, an adaptive IEEE 802.11 backoff algorithm to improve QoS is de-veloped and tested in simulations as well as in testbed implementation. While the Binary Exponential Backoff (BEB) algorithm deployed by IEEE 802.11 reacts based on individual packet transmit trials, the new algo-rithm takes the history of successive packet transmit trials into account to provide a better QoS performance. The new algorithm has been tested against the legacy IEEE 802.11 through simulations using QualNet and a Linux-based testbed comprising a number of stations. The performed tests have shown significant im-provements in performance, with up to 33.51% improvement in delay and 7.36% improvement in packet delivery fraction compared to the original IEEE 802.11.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. ALBALT and Q. NASIR, "Adaptive Backoff Algorithm for IEEE 802.11 MAC Protocol," International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2009, pp. 300-317. doi: 10.4236/ijcns.2009.24033.

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