Share This Article:

An Investigation of the Secular Acceleration of Psychiatric Disorders

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:2595KB) PP. 121-127
DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.51013    2,999 Downloads   3,388 Views  

ABSTRACT

Secular acceleration, for example an increase in height in groups of people over a period of time of more than a century, is a unique, perhaps “ecological” event. In the study presented here, historical patient files from the Jena Psychiatric Clinic were evaluated in relation to the problem of acceleration. A first sampling of 119 patient files for the years 1880-1890 revealed that, for children and adolescents up until the end of their twentieth year of life, the average age at the time of their first admission was 17 years. Compared to this, the first admission of a second sample of 132 patient records for the years 1985-1987 revealed a clearly younger average age at first admission of 11 years. This difference in age was found to be statistically significant. The heights of 14-year-old subjects from the city of Jena for the years 1880 to 1975 obtained from the literature showed a documented increase in height of almost 20 cm. The results of our investigation revealed that, in addition to physical acceleration, there was also an advancement of pathological mental processes in the course of a period of 100 years.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Lemke, S. and Vries, S. (2015) An Investigation of the Secular Acceleration of Psychiatric Disorders. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 5, 121-127. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.51013.

References

[1] de Rudder, B. (1960) Zur Frage nach der Akzelerationsursache. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift, 85, 1193-1196. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0028-1112561
[2] Bennholdt-Thomsen, C. (1942) Die Entwicklungsbeschleunigung der Jugend. Ergebnisse der Inneren Medizin, 62, 1153-1237.
[3] Bober, H. and Scholz, E. (1944) Das Reifungsgeschehen bei Jugendlichen. Zeitschrift für Rassenkunde und die Gesamte Forschung am Menschen, 14, 113-140.
[4] Bogin, B. and McVean, R.B. (1983) The Relationship of Socioeconomic Status and Sex to Body Size, Skeletal Maturation and Cognitive Status of Guatemala City Schoolchildren. Child Development, 54, 115-128. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1129868
[5] Stone, C.P. and Barker, R.G. (1937) Aspects of Personality and Intelligence in Post Menarcheal and Premenarcheal Girls of the Same Chronological Ages. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 23, 439-455.
[6] Abernethy, E.M. (1936) Relationships between Mental and Physical Growth. Monographies of Social Researches of Child Development, 1, 44-80.
[7] Honzik, M.P. and Jones, H.E. (1937) Mental-Physical Relationships during the Preschool Period. Journal of Experimental Education, 6, 139-146.
[8] Strickmann, R. (1957) Untersuchungen zur Frage der Beziehung von somatischer und psychischer Entwicklung. Ein Beitrag zum Accelerationsproblem, (Abhandlungen zur Philosophie, Psychologie und Padagogik 12). Bouvier, Bonn, 21-103.
[9] Bennholdt-Thomsen, C. (1940) Krankheitsdisposition und Entwicklungsbeschleunigung der heutigen Jugend (Untersuchungen über Chorea minor). Klinische Wochenschriften, 19, 1337-1338.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01764305
[10] Overal, J.E. and Gorham, D.R. (1962) The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Psychological Report, 10, 799-812. http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1962.10.3.799
[11] Ryan, N.D., Puig-Antich, J., Ambrosini, P., Rabinovich, H., Robinson, D., Nelson, B., Iyengar, S. and Twomey, J. (1987) The Clinical Picture of Major Depression in Children and Adolescents. Archives of General Psychiatry, 44, 854-861. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1987.01800220016003
[12] Jaeger, U. (1980) Biologischer Alterswandel bei Jenaer Schulkindern. P?dagogische Grenzgebiete, 19, 401-413.
[13] Ziehen, Th. (1904) Die Geisteskrankheiten des Kindesalters (2). Reuther und Reichard, Berlin.
[14] Ziehen, Th. (1906) Die Geisteskrankheiten des Kindesalters (3). Reuther und Reichard, Berlin.
[15] Geisler, E. and Schr?der, J. (1958) Das nerv?se Kind. Münchner Medizinische Wochenschrift, 27, 1038-1041.
[16] Poznanski, E., Zrull, J.P. and Arbor, A. (1970) Childhood Depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 23, 8-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1970.01750010010004
[17] Eggers, Ch. (1973) Verlaufsweisen kindlicher und pr?puberaler Schizophrenien. Monographie: Grenzgebiete der Psychiatrie. Springer, Berlin. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-13371-2
[18] Kappes, C.V. (1981) Erweiterter Suizidversuch im frühen Kindesalter. Zeitschrift für Kinder-und Jugendpsychiatrie, 9, 36-43.
[19] Schreier, H.A. (1986) Acute Phobic Halluzinations in Very Young Children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25, 574-578. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0002-7138(10)60020-9
[20] Nicolson, R., Lenane, M., Brookner, F., Gochman, P., Kumra, S., Sprechler, L., Giedd, J.N., Thaker, G.K., Wudarsky, M. and Rapoport, J.L. (2001) Children and Adolescents with Psychotic Disorder Not Otherwise Specified: A 2- to 8-Year Follow-Up Study. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 42, 319-325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/comp.2001.24573

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.