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Assessment of Some Biomarkers under Submergence Stress in Some Rice Cultivars Varying in Responses

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.61010    3,429 Downloads   3,858 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Three rice varieties, significantly differed in their ability, when subjected to submergence have been studied in relation to physiological attributes. On account of oxidative stress, MDA content and carbonyl content were measured. The MDA content was maximally decreased in FR13A and minimally decreased in Swarna irrespective of shoots and roots. A higher increase in carbonyl content was found in Swarna followed by FR13A and Swarna Sub1A in both shoots and roots. The activity of antioxidant moieties like total phenolics content and flavonoid content were more increased under submergence than that in air except for Swarna. FR13A showed maximum increase in Phenolics and flavonoid content in both shoots and roots when subjected to submergence. A sharp increase in guaiacol peroxidase and glutathione reductase characterized the plants’ response to sub-mergence irrespective of varieties. The expression of Guaiacol peroxidase was increased in FR13A followed by Swarna Sub1A and Swarna. Glutathione reductase was measured in terms of oxidation of NADP(H) and both FR13A and Swarna Sub1A recorded maximum oxidation than Swarna under submergence. With regards to isozymic variation plants were differed to the intensities of poly-peptide, however not in numbers and may be suggestive for concomitant gene expression to sub-mergence. The analysis clarification for possible biomarkers with regards to cellular responses of rice plants under submergence has been anticipated.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Banerjee, S. , Dey, N. and Adak, M. (2015) Assessment of Some Biomarkers under Submergence Stress in Some Rice Cultivars Varying in Responses. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 84-94. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.61010.

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