Share This Article:

Organic Wastes to Increase CO2 Absorption

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:4043KB) PP. 47-53
DOI: 10.4236/ijcce.2014.34005    4,839 Downloads   5,449 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was actually the investigation of the effect of various organic wastes on the ability of urine in absorbing CO2. Urine alone or mixed with olive-oil-mill waste waters (O), poultry litter (P) or meat bone meal (M) was used on the absorption of CO2 from a gas bottle. The absorption capacity (1.35 - 2.85 gCO2/gNH4) was bigger than other solvents such as ammonia and amines. The range of CO2 absorption was significantly bigger for the organic mixtures P and PM with urine (9.1 - 11.8) g/L than urine alone 6.5 g/L. These organic wastes could be used to increase CO2 absorption in urine and reduce gas emissions.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Aguilar, M. (2014) Organic Wastes to Increase CO2 Absorption. International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy, 3, 47-53. doi: 10.4236/ijcce.2014.34005.

References

[1] Rochelle, G.T. (2009) Amine Scrubbing for CO2 Capture. Science, 325, 1652-1654. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1176731
[2] Resnik, K.P., Yeh, J.T. and Pennline, H.W. (2004) Aqua Ammonia Process for Simultaneous Removal of CO2, SO2 and NOx. International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 4, 89-104.
[3] Yeh, A.C. and Bai, H. (1999) Comparison of Ammonia and Monoethanolamine Solvents to Reduce CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Science of the Total Environment, 228, 121-133. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0048-9697(99)00025-X
[4] Liu, J., Wang, S., Zhao, B., Tong, H. and Chen, C. (2008) Absorption of Carbon Dioxide in Aqueous Ammonia. Pro- ceedings of the 9th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT’9), Washington DC, 16-20 November 2008, 933-940.
[5] Yu, C.H., Huang, C.H. and Tan, C.S. (2012) A Review of CO2 Capture by Absorption and Adsorption. Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 12, 745-769.
[6] Aguilar, M.J. (2012) Urine as a CO2 Absorbent. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 213, 502-504. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.01.087
[7] Gordillo, R.M. and Cabrera, M.L. (1997) Mineralizable Nitrogen in Broiler Litter: I Effect of Selected Litter Chemical Characteristics. Journal of Environmental Quality, 26, 1672-1679. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq1997.00472425002600060030x
[8] Cabrera, M.L., Chiang, S.C., Merka, W.C., Thompson, S.A. and Pancorbo, O.C. (1993) Nitrogen Transformations in Surface-Applied Poultry Litter: Effect of Litter Physical Characteristics. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 57, 1519-1525.
[9] Preusch, P.L., Adler, P.R., Sikora, L.J. and Tworkoski, T.J. (2002) Nitrogen and Phosphorus Availability in Com- posted and Uncomposted Poultry Litter. Journal of Environmental Quality, 31, 2051-2057. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2002.2051
[10] Chen, L., Kivela, J., Helenius, J. and Kanges, A. (2011) Meat Bone Meal as Fertiliser for Barley and Oat. Agricultural and Food Science, 20, 235-244. http://dx.doi.org/10.2137/145960611797471552
[11] Jeng, A., Haraldsen, T.K., Vagstad, N. and Gronlund, A. (2004) Meat and Bone Meal as Nitrogen Fertilizer to Cereals in Norway. Agricultural and Food Science, 13, 268-275. http://dx.doi.org/10.2137/1239099042643080
[12] Mondini, C., Cayuela, M.L., Sinicco, T., Sanchez-Monedero, M.A., Bertolone, E. and Bardi, L. (2008) Soil Applica- tion of Meat and Bone Meal: Short Term Effects on Mineralization Dynamics and Soil Biochemical and Microbiologi- cal Properties. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 40, 462-474. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2007.09.010
[13] Diaz, D.A.R., Sawyer, J.E. and Mallarino, A.P. (2008) Poultry Manure Supply of Potentially Available Nitrogen with Soil Incubation. Agronomy Journal, 100, 1310-1317. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2007.0371
[14] Lin, S. and Chan, J. (1973) Urinary Bicarbonate: A Titrimetric Method for Determination. Clinical Biochemistry, 6, 207-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-9120(73)80028-1
[15] Nelson, D. (1983) Determination of Ammonium in KCl Extracts of Soils by the Salicylate Method. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 14, 1051-1062. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103628309367431
[16] Buondonno, A., Coppola, E., Palmieri, G., Benedetti, A., Dell’Orco, S., Németh, K., et al. (1997) Monitoring Nitrogen Forms in Soil/Plant Systems under Different Fertilizer Managements. A Preliminary Investigation. European Journal of Agronomy, 7, 293-300. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(97)00008-7
[17] He, Z., Alva, A., Calven, D. and Banks, D. (1999) Ammonia Volatilization from Different Sources and Effects of Tem- perature and Soil pH. Soil Science, 164, 750-758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00010694-199910000-00006
[18] Aguilar, M.J. (2014) Adsorption and Sequestration of Dissolved Carbon and Nitrogen from Carbonic Urine to Mineral Soils. (In Press)
[19] Aguilar, M.J. (2009) Olive Oil Mill Wastewater for Soil Nitrogen and Carbon Conservation. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 2845-2848. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.02.015
[20] Salomonsson, L., Jonsson, A., Salomonsson, A.C. and Nilsson, G. (1994) Effects of Organic Fertilizers and Urea When Applied to Spring Wheat Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B—Soil & Plant Science, 44, 170-178.
[21] H?glund, C., Stenstr?m, T.A. and Ashbolt, N. (2002) Microbial Risk Assessment of Source-Separated Urine Used in Agriculture. Waste Management & Research, 20, 150-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0734242X0202000207

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.