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Comparison of Glyphosate Formulations for Weed Control and Tolerance in Maize (Zea mays L.) and Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]

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DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.513142    37,927 Downloads   38,517 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Twenty-two field experiments (six maize (Zea mays L.) and five soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] using low glyphosate doses to assess weed control and six maize and five soybean using high glyphosate doses to assess tolerance) were conducted from 2010 to 2012 at two locations in southern Ontario, Canada to compare the commercially available glyphosate formulations of Roundup Weather MAX?, Clearout?41 Plus, and Wise Up? (WeatherMAX, Clearout, and WiseUp, respectively). Inmaize and soybean, control of velvetleaf, pigweed species, common lambs quarters, and green foxtail 4 weeks after treatment (WAT) using 900 g·ae·ha-1 ranged from at least 85% to 99%, regardless of formulation. By 8 WAT with 900 g·ae·ha-1, control of these weeds generally declined, but still ranged from 82% to 97% across all formulations. At harvest, maize yields were similar to the weed-free control for 900 g·ae·ha-1 of glyphosate as WeatherMAX and Clearout; however, reduced weed control with WiseUp resulted in an 8.8% yield loss. For soybean, yields were similar to the weed-free control, regardless of formulation or dose. In the tolerance experiments, 2.1% and 2.8% injury was observed 4 WAT for maize treated with 3600 g·ae·ha-1 of glyphosate as WeatherMAX and WiseUp, respectively. However, maize yields were unaffected by glyphosate formulation or dose. In soybean, visible injury of 8.5%, 4.5%, and 3.7% was observed 1 WAT with 5400 g·ae·ha-1 of glyphosate as WeatherMAX, WiseUp, and Clearout, respectively; by 8 WAT, visible injury was similar to the untreated control, regardless of formulation or dose. The early injury from 5400 g·ae·ha-1 of glyphosate resulted in 8.5%, 4.6%, and 5.5% yield loss for the WeatherMAX, WiseUp, and Clearout formulations, respectively.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mahoney, K. , Shropshire, C. and Sikkema, P. (2014) Comparison of Glyphosate Formulations for Weed Control and Tolerance in Maize (Zea mays L.) and Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 1329-1337. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.513142.

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