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Evaluation of Biosorptive Capacity of Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Stalk for Lead(II) Removal from Aqueous Solution

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.515138    3,185 Downloads   4,031 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Raw Banana Stalk (RBS), Acid Activated Banana Stalk (AABS) and Base Activated Banana Stalk (BABS) prepared from banana stalk were used as biosorbents to remove Lead(II) from aqueous solution. The biosorbents were characterised using proximate analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Pb(II) of 1000 mg/L concentration was prepared from Pb(NO3)2 salt and other concentrations were obtained from this stock through serial dilution. Effects of adsorbent dose, temperature, initial metal concentration, contact time and pH on the percentage Pb(II) removal were evaluated. The Pb(II) concentrations in the solutions were analysed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic parameters were determined. FTIR spectroscopy showed that RBS, AABS and BABS are rich in carboxyl, hydroxyl and phenolic functional groups. At an equilibrium time of 180 minutes, the percentage Pb(II) removal was 63.97%, 96.13% and 66.90% for RBS, AABS and BABS, respectively. Pseudo-second order kinetics best described the process with R2 (0.95, 0.98, 0.97) for RBS, AABS and BABS, respectively. Langmuir isotherm (AABS) has the maximum adsorption capacity (qmax) of 13.53 mg/g and R2 (0.99). Thermodynamic parameters obtained were G0 (?18.75 kJ/mol), H0 (12.63 kJ/mol), S0 (0.05 kJ/mol·K) and Ea (4.37 kJ/mol). Banana stalk has viable characteristics for preparing biosorbents. Acid activated banana biosorbent is more efficient for removal of lead ions from its aqueous solution.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ogunleye, O. , Ajala, M. and Agarry, S. (2014) Evaluation of Biosorptive Capacity of Banana (Musa paradisiaca) Stalk for Lead(II) Removal from Aqueous Solution. Journal of Environmental Protection, 5, 1451-1465. doi: 10.4236/jep.2014.515138.

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