Share This Article:

Physical Fitness Level and Its Relationship with Self-Concept in School Children

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:2547KB) PP. 2009-2017
DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.518204    3,599 Downloads   4,545 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between general self-concept and health-related physical fitness in primary school children. Design: Cross-sectional design and descriptive court. Method: A total of 216 schoolchildren (9.26 ± 1.26 years) participated in the measurement of the speed-agility, muscle strength and aerobic capacity as physical fitness components. Six dimensions of self-concept (intellectual, behavioral, physical, lack of anxiety, social and life satisfaction) were assessed by the Self-Concept Scale Piers-Harris. Results: No significant differences were found among the self-concept dimensions between men and women. Males showed higher scores on the test of 4 × 10 m (p < 0.05), manual dynamometry (p < 0.005) and Course-Navette (p < 0.005). An increased fitness level was positively and significantly related with higher values of overall self-concept (p < 0.005) in both genres. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that those students with a higher overall fitness level show higher levels of general self-concept. More investigation is needed to know which physical fitness parameters are more related with the self-concept.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

García, P. , Marcos, L. , Guillamón, A. , García-Cantó, E. , Pérez-Soto, J. , Casas, A. & Lopez, P. (2014). Physical Fitness Level and Its Relationship with Self-Concept in School Children. Psychology, 5, 2009-2017. doi: 10.4236/psych.2014.518204.

References

[1] Asci, F. H. (2003). The Effects of Physical Fitness Training on Trait Anxiety and Physical Self-Concept of Female University Students. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4, 255-264.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1469-0292(02)00009-2
[2] Agarwal, S., Bhall a, P., Kaur, S., & Babbar, R. (2013). Effect of Body Mass Index on Physical Self Concept, Cognition & Academic Performance of First Year Medical Students. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 138, 515-522.
[3] Aktop, A. (2010). Socioeconomic Status, Physical Fitness, Self-Concept, Attitude toward Physical Education, and Academic Achievement of Children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 110, 531-546.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.110.2.531-546
[4] Altintas, A., & Asci, F. H. (2008). Physical Self-Esteem of Adolescents with Regard to Physical Activity and Pubertal Status. Pediatric Exercise Science, 20, 142-156.
[5] Beets, M. W., Beighle, A., Erwin, H. E., & Huberty, J. (2009). After-School Program Impact on Physical Activity and Fitness: A Meta-Analysis. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36, 527-537.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.033
[6] Cardenal, V., & Fierro, A. (2003). Componentes y correlatos del autoconcepto en la escala de Piers-Harris. Estudios de Psicologia, 24, 101-111.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1174/021093903321329094
[7] Carraro, A., Scarpa, S., & Ventura, L. (2010). Relationships between Physical Self-Concept and Physical Fitness in Italian Adolescents. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 110, 522-530.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.110.2.522-530
[8] Castro-Pinero, J., Ortega, F. B., Artero, E. G., Girela-Rejon, M. J., Mora, J., Sjostrom, M., & Ruiz, J. R. (2010). Assessing Muscular Strength in Youth: Usefulness of Standing Long Jump as a General Index of Muscular Fitness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24, 1810-1817.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ddb03d
[9] Cumming, S., Standage, M., Loney, T., Gammon, C., Neville, H., Sherar, L. B., & Malina, R. M. (2011). The Mediating Role of Physical Self-Concept on Relations between Biological Maturity Status and Physical Activity in Adolescent Females. Journal of Adolescence, 34, 465-473.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.06.006
[10] Contreras, O. R., Fernández, J. G., Garcia, L. M., Palou, P., & Ponseti, J. (2010). El autoconcepto fisico y su relacion con la práctica deportiva en estudiantes adolescentes. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte, 19, 23-39.
[11] Cooke, R., Trebaczyk, H., Harris, P., & Wright, A. J. (2014). Self-Affirmation Promotes Physical Activity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 36, 217-223.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2013-0041
[12] Demo, D. H., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (1992). Self-Concept Stability and Change during Adolescence. In R. P. Lipka, & T. M. Brinthaupt (Eds.), Self-Perspectives across the Life Span (pp. 116-150). Albany: State University of Nueva York Press.
[13] Esnaola, I., Goni, A., & Madariaga, J. M. (2008). El autoconcepto: Perspectivas de investigacion. Revista de Psicodidáctica, 13, 179-194.
[14] Espana-Romero, V., Ortega, F. B., Vicente-Rodriguez, G., Artero, E. G., Rey, J. P., & Ruiz, J. R. (2010). Elbow Position Affects Handgrip Strength in Adolescents: Validity and Reliability of Jamar, Dynex, and Tkk Dynamometers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24, 272-277.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b296a5
[15] Folsom-Meek, S. L. (1991). Relationships among Attributes, Physical Fitness, and Self-Concept Development of Elementary School Children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 73, 379-383.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.1991.73.2.379
[16] Garcia-Sánchez, A., Burgueno-Menjibar, R., Lopez-Blanco, D., & Ortega, F. B. (2013). Condicion fisica, adiposidad y autoconcepto en adolescentes. Estudio piloto. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte, 22, 453-461.
[17] Goni, A., & Zulaika, L. M. (2000). La participacion en el deporte escolar y el autoconcepto en escolares de 10 a 11 anos en la provincia de Guipuzcoa. Apunts, 59, 6-10.
[18] Guillén, F., & Ramirez, F. (2011). Relacion entre el autoconcepto y la condicion fisica en alumnos del Tercer Ciclo de Primaria. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte, 20, 45-49.
[19] Harter, S. (1999). The Construction of the Self. A Developmental Perspective. New York: Guilford Press.
[20] Jacobs, J. E., Lanza, S., Osgood, D. W., Eccles, J. S., & Wigfield, A. (2002). Changes in Children’s Self-Competence and Values: Gender and Domain Differences across Grades One through Twelve. Child Development, 73, 509-527.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00421
[21] Leger, L. A., Mercier, D., Gadoury, C., & Lambert, J. (1988). The Multistage 20 Meters Shuttle Run Test for Aerobic Fitness. Journal of Sports Sciences, 6, 93-101.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640418808729800
[22] Madariaga, J., & Goni, A. (2009). El desarrollo psicosocial. Revista de Psicodidáctica, 14, 93-118.
[23] Mayorga-Vega, D., Viciana, J., Cocca, A., & De Rueda, B. (2012). Effect of a Physical Fitness Program on Physical Self-Concept and Physical Fitness Elements in Primary School Students. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 115, 984-996.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/06.10.25.PMS.115.6.984-996
[24] Mitchell, N. G., Moore, J. B., Bibeau, W. S., & Rudasill, K. M. (2012). Cardiovascular Fitness Moderates the Relations between Estimates of Obesity and Physical Self-Perceptions in Rural Elementary School Students. Journal of Physical Activity y Health, 9, 288-294.
[25] Moore, J. B., Mitchell, N. G., Bibeau, W. S., & Bartholomew, J. B. (2011). Effects of a 12-Week Resistance Exercise Program on Physical Self-Perceptions in College Students. Research Quarterly Exercise Sport, 82, 291-301.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2011.10599757
[26] Moreno, J. A., & Cervello, E. (2005). Physical Self-Perception in Spanish Adolescents: Effects of Gender and Involvent in Physical Activity. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 48, 291-311.
[27] Moreno, J. A., Moreno, R., & Cervello, E. (2007). El autoconcepto fisico como predictor de la intencion de ser fisicamente activo. Revista de Psicodidáctica y Salud, 17, 261-267.
[28] Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Castillo, M. J., & Sjostrom, M. (2005). Physical Fitness in Childhood and Adolescence: A Powerful Marker of Health. International Journal of Obesity, 32, 1-11.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803774
[29] Overbay, J. D., & Purath, J. (1997). Self-Concept and Health Status in Elementary-School-Aged Children. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 20, 89-101.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01460869709026880
[30] Piers, E. V. (1984). Revised Manual for the Piers-Harris Children’ Self-Concept Scale (2nd ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
[31] Planinsec, J., & Fosnaric, S. (2005). Relationship of Perceived Physical Self-Concept and Physical Activity Level and Sex among Young Children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 100, 349-353.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.100.2.349-353
[32] Ruiz, J. R., Espana Romero, V., Castro Pinero, J., Artero, E. G., Ortega, F. B., Cuenca Garcia, M. et al. (2011). Bateria ALPHA-Fitness: Test de campo para la evaluacion de la condicion fisica relacionada con la salud en ninos y adolescentes, Nutricion Hospitalaria, 26, 1210-1214.
[33] Shavelson, R. J., Hubner, J. J., & Stanton, J. C. (1976). Self Concept: Validation of Construct Interpretations. Review of Educational Research, 46, 407-441.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3102/00346543046003407
[34] Slutzky, C. B., & Simpkins, S. D. (2009). The Link between Children’s Sport Participation and Self-Esteem: Exploring the Mediating Role of Sport Self-Concept. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 10, 381-389.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2008.09.006
[35] Thomas, S., Reading, J., & Shephard, R. J. (1992). Revision of the Physical-Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q). Canadian Journal of Sport Sciences-Revue Canadienne Des Sciences Du Sport, 17, 338-345.
[36] Vedul-Kjelsas, V., Sigmundsson, H., Stensdotter, K., & Haga, M. (2012). The Relationship between Motor Competence, Physical Fitness and Self-Perception in Children. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38, 394-402.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01275.x
[37] Vicente-Rodriguez, G., Rey-Lopez, J. P., Mesana, M. I., Poortvliet, E., Ortega, F. B., Polito, A., & Moreno, L. A. (2012). Reliability and Intermethod Agreement for Body Fat Assessment among Two Field and Two Laboratory Methods in Adolescents. Obesity, 20, 221-228.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2011.272
[38] Videra-Garcia, A., & Reigal-Garrido, R. (2013). Autoconcepto fisico, percepcion de salud y satisfaccion vital en una muestra de adolescentes. Analytical Psychology, 29, 141-147.
[39] Weiss, M. R., Mcauley, E., Ebbeck, V., & Wiese, D. M. (1990). Self-Esteem and Causal Attributions for Children’s Physical and Social Competence in Sport. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 12, 21-36.
[40] Willows, N. D., Ridley, D., Raine, K. D., & Maximova, K. (2013). High Adiposity Is Associated Cross-Sectionally with Low Self-Concept and Body Size Dissatisfaction among Indigenous Cree Schoolchildren in Canada. BMC Pediatrics, 12, 118.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-13-118
[41] Zulaika, L. M., & Goni, A. (2000). La participacion en el deporte escolar y el autoconcepto en escolares de 10 a 11 anos de la provincia de Guipuzcoa. Apunts: Educacion fisica y deportes, 59, 6-10.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.