Share This Article:

Personality Traits and Facebook Use: The Combined/Interactive Effect of Extraversion, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:2587KB) PP. 211-219
DOI: 10.4236/sn.2014.35026    7,212 Downloads   10,460 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study examined the influence of Big Five personality traits on Facebook usage and examined the interactions of traits in this context based on Torgersen’s (1995) typological approach. The effect of self-esteem, narcissism, loneliness, shyness and boredom proneness on Facebook usage was also investigated. The sample included both student (N = 190) and (N = 184) non-student samples. Narcissism was the strongest predictor of time spent on Facebook per day for both students and non-students. Narcissism was also the strongest predictor of number of daily logins for non-students, however, agreeableness was the strongest predictor of logins for students. Extraversion was the strongest predictor of number of Facebook friends for both students and non- students, however the interaction of Extraversion and Neuroticism was also a predictor of Facebook friends for students, and the interaction of Extraversion and Conscientiousness for non-students. Future research should consider the combined effect of personality traits on overall Facebook use.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Sala, L. , Skues, J. and Grant, S. (2014) Personality Traits and Facebook Use: The Combined/Interactive Effect of Extraversion, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness. Social Networking, 3, 211-219. doi: 10.4236/sn.2014.35026.

References

[1] Ellison, N.B., Steinfield, C. and Lampe, C. (2007) The Benefits of Facebook “Friends”: Social Capital and College Students’ Use of Online Social Network Sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12, 1143-1168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00367.x
[2] Ryan, T. and Xenos, S. (2011) Who Uses Facebook? An Investigation into the Relationship between the Big Five, Shyness, Narcissism, Loneliness, and Facebook Usage. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1658-1664. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.02.004
[3] Kalpidou, M., Costin, D. and Morris, J. (2011) The Relationship between Facebook and the Well-Being of Undergraduate College Students. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 14, 183-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2010.0061
[4] Moore, K. and McElroy, J.C. (2012) The Influence of Personality on Facebook Usage, Wall Postings, and Regret. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 267-274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.09.009
[5] Costa, P.T. and McCrae, R.R. (1992) Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) and the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI): Professional Manual. Psychological Assessment Resources Inc., Odessa.
[6] Amichai-Hamburger, Y. and Vinitzky, G. (2010) Social Network Use and Personality. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1289-1295. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2010.03.018
[7] Ross, C., Orr, E.S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J.M., Simmering, M.G. and Orr, R.R. (2009) Personality and Motivations Associated with Facebook Use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 578-586. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.12.024
[8] Skues, J.L., Williams, B. and Wise, L. (2012) The Effects of Personality Traits, Self-Esteem, Loneliness, and Narcissism on Facebook Use among University Students. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 2414-2419. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.07.012
[9] Wilson, K., Fornasier, S. and White, K.M. (2010) Psychological Predictors of Young Adults’ Use of Social Networking Sites. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 13, 173-177. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2009.0094
[10] Torgersen, S. (1995) Personlighet og personlighetsforstyrrelser. Universitetetsforlaget, Oslo.
[11] Vollrath, M. and Torgersen, S. (2002) Who Takes Health Risks?? A Probe into Eight Personality Types. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 1185-1197.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00080-0
[12] Grant, S. and Langan-Fox, J. (2006) Occupational Stress, Coping and Strain: The Combined/Interactive Effect of the Big Five Traits. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 719-732. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2006.03.008
[13] Vollrath, M. (2000) Personality Types and Coping. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 367-378. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(99)00199-3
[14] Gonzales, A.L. and Hancock, J.T. (2011) Mirror, Mirror on My Facebook Wall: Effects of Exposure to Facebook on Self-Esteem. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 14, 79-83. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2009.0411
[15] Buffardi, L.E. and Campbell, W.K. (2008) Narcissism and Social Networking Web Sites. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1303-1314. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167208320061
[16] Mehdizadeh, S. (2010) Self-Presentation 2.0: Narcissism and Self-Esteem on Facebook. Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 13, 357-364.
[17] Orr, E.S., Sisic, M., Ross, C., Simmering, M.G., Arseneault, J.M. and Orr, R.R. (2009) The Influence of Shyness on the Use of Facebook in an Undergraduate Sample. Cyberpsychology & Behavior: The Impact of the Internet, Multimedia and Virtual Reality on Behaviour and Society, 12, 337-340. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2008.0214
[18] Pempek, T.A., Yermolayeva, Y.A. and Calvert, S.L. (2009) College Students’ Social Networking Experiences on Facebook. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 227-238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.010
[19] Murray, G., Judd, F., Jackson, H., Fraser, C., Komiti, A., Robins, G., Pattison, P., et al. (2009) Personality for Free?: Psychometric Properties of a Public Domain Australian Measure of the Five-Factor Model Australian Measure of the Five-Factor Model. Australian Journal of Psychology, 61, 167-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00049530802326784
[20] Rosenberg, M. (1965) Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
[21] Ames, D.R., Rose, P. and Anderson, C.P. (2006) The NPI-16 as a Short Measure of Narcissism. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 440-450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2005.03.002
[22] Russell, D.W., et al. (1996) UCLA Loneliness Scale Version 3: Reliability, Validity and Factor Structure. Journal of Personality Assessment, 51, 20-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa6601_2
[23] Farmer, R. and Sundberg, N.D. (1986) Boredom Proneness: The Development and Correlates of a New Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 50, 4-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5001_2
[24] Cheek, J.M. (1983) The Revised Cheek and Buss Shyness Scale. Unpublished Manuscript, Wellesley College, Wellesley.
[25] Coxe, S., West, S.G. and Aiken, L.S. (2009) The Analysis of Count Data: A Gentle Introduction to Poisson Regression and Its Alternatives. Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 121-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223890802634175
[26] Tabachnick, B.G. and Fidell, L.S. (2007) Using Multivariate Statistics. 5th Edition, Allyn & Bacon, New York.
[27] Aldenferder, M. and Blashfield, R. (1984) Cluster Analysis. Sage Publications, Beverly Hills.
[28] Zhao, S., Grasmuck, S. and Martin, J. (2008) Identity Construction on Facebook: Digital Empowerment in Anchored Relationships. Computers in Human Behaviour, 24, 1816-1836. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012
[29] Junco, R. (2012) Too Much Face and Not Enough Books: The Relationship between Multiple Indices of Facebook Use and Academic Performance. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 187-198. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2011.08.026.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.