Share This Article:

Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of the General Population of Bukavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Blood Donation and Blood Transfusion

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:2545KB) PP. 2525-2534
DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.618291    4,565 Downloads   5,552 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding blood donation in the general population. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted and enrolled 416 people between 18 and 65 years old at random, living in three health zones in the city of Bukavu in eastern DRC. These subjects responded to a questionnaire on knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding blood donation. Results: Our sample consisted of 61.5% men, 70.9% of people from one level of education at the secondary level and 60% unemployed. According to the surveyed subjects blood was considered as a fuel of the body in 44.6% and as a source of life in 44.1%. Sixty-one percent of the population did not know the practice of blood donation; this knowledge differed significantly (p < 0.0001) according to the level of education. 67.1% of people knew that the blood had negative effects and 27.4% did not know where the blood bags were stored. Channels of knowledge about blood donation practices were associations of blood donors (30.9%), awareness campaigns (18.2%), school (17.3%) and media (15.5%), churches (10%), and friends (8.1%). Approximately 85% of subjects who knew blood donation agreed with blood donation and blood transfusion but only 54.9% had donated blood in their lifetime, with a proportion of loyalty to blood donation (31.8%). In the population 59.4% were willing to donate blood. Motivation to donate blood most common (66%) was volunteerism while 19.1% were willing to donate blood for a family member and 12.6% willing to donate blood against money. The reasons for refusal to donate blood identified were fear of contracting diseases especially HIV, lack of information, religious beliefs, the sale of the collected blood by medical staff, and fear of test result for HIV. Conclusion: Factors of refusal to donate blood were identified. Efforts and new strategies tailored to these factors must be developed and implemented to increase blood donation.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Kabinda, J. , Miyanga, S. , Ramazani, S. and Dramaix, M. (2014) Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of the General Population of Bukavu in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Blood Donation and Blood Transfusion. Health, 6, 2525-2534. doi: 10.4236/health.2014.618291.

References

[1] Nébié, K.Y., Olinger, C.M., Kafando, E., Dahourou, H., et al. (2007) Lack of Knowledge of Blood Donors in Burkina Faso (West Africa); Potential Obstacle to Transfusion Security. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 14, 446-452.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2007.12.005
[2] Mbendi Nlombi, C., Longo-Mbenza, B., Mbendi Nsukini, S., Muyembe Tamfum, J.J., et al. (2001) Prévalence du VIH et de l’antigène Hbs chez les donneurs de sang. Risque résiduel de contamination chez les receveurs de sang à Kinshasa-Est, République Démocratique du Congo. Médecine Tropicale, 61, 139-142.
[3] Giraud, Ch., Korach, J.M., Andreu, G., Lacaze, C., et al. (2002) Le don du sang. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 9, 168-178.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1246-7820(02)00243-4
[4] Follkal, G., Bigey, F., Wagner, A., Vives, C., et al. (1998) Evaluation de mesures destinées à développer la régularité du don de sang. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 5, 241-250.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1246-7820(98)80368-6
[5] Kocher, P. (1994) Recrutement des donneurs de sang: Nouvelle stratégie. Médecine et Hygiène, 52, 1000-1005.
[6] Beauplet, A., Danic, B. and Aussant-Bertel, F. (2003) Medical Selection of Blood Donors: Risk Prevention for the Recipient. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 6, 371-431.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2003.07.001
[7] Agbovi, K.-K., Kolou, M., Fétéké, L. and Haudrechy, D. (2006) étude des connaissances, attitudes et pratiques en matière de don de sang. Enquête sociologique dans la population de Lomé (Togo). Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 4, 260-265.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2006.06.002
[8] Alam, M. and El Din Masalmeh, B. (2004) Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Blood Donation among the Saudi Population. Saudi Saudi Medical Journal, 3, 318-321.
[9] Olaiya, M.A., Alakija, W., Ajala, A., Olatunji, R.O., et al. (2004) Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs and Motivations towards Blood Donations among Blood Donors in Lagos, Nigeria. Transfusion Medicine, 14, 13-17.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0958-7578.2004.00474.x
[10] Wiwanitkitll, V. (2002) Knowledge about Blood Donation among a Sample of Thai University Students. Vox Sanguinis, 83, 97-99.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1423-0410.2002.00209.x
[11] Mathew, S.M., King, M.R., Glynn, S.A., Dietz, S.K., Caswell, S.L. and Schreiber, G.B. (2007) Opinions about Donating Blood among Those Who Never Gave and Those Who Stopped: A Focus Group Assessment. Transfusion, 47, 729-735.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1537-2995.2007.01177.x
[12] Institut National de la Statistique et Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’Enfance (2011) Enquête par Grappes à Indicateurs Multiples en République Démocratique du Congo (MICS-RDC 2010). Rapport Final, 19-25.
[13] Tagny, C.T., Diarra, A., Yahaya, R., Hakizimana, M., Nguessan, A., Mbensa, G., et al. (2009) Le centre de transfusion, le donneur de sang et le sang donné dans les pays d’Afrique francophone. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 16, 431-438.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2009.07.005
[14] Gobatto, I. (1996) Donating Blood in the Time of AIDS. Some Ideas from a Study in Bangui (Central African Republic). Current Research. Societes d’Afrique et SIDA, 13, 8-10.
[15] Duboz, P., Macia, E. and Cunéo, B. (2010) Sociodemographic and Attitudinal Factors to Blood Donation in the Urban Population of Dakar, Senegal. Transfusion, 50, 2713-2720.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1537-2995.2010.02750.x
[16] Glynn, S.A., Kleinman, S.H., Schreiber, G.B., Zuck, T., McCombs, S., Bethel, J., et al. (2002) Motivations to Donation Blood: Demographic Comparisons. Transfusion, 42, 216-225.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1537-2995.2002.00008.x
[17] Programme National de Transfusion Sanguine en République Démocratique du Congo, Rapport Annuel, Kinshasa 2009-2010-2012.
[18] Umeora, O.U.J., Onuh, S.O. and Umeora, M.C. (2005) Socio-Cultural Barriers to Voluntary Blood Donation for Obstetric Use in a Rural Nigerian Village. African Journal of Reproductive Health, 9, 72-76.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3583413
[19] Misje, A.H., Bosnes, V., Gasdal, O. and Heier, H.E. (2005) Motivation, Recruitment and Retention of Voluntary Non-Remunerated Blood Donors: A Survey-Based Questionnaire Study. Vox Sanguinis, 89, 236-244.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1423-0410.2005.00706.x
[20] Duboz, P. and Cunéo, B. (2010) How Barriers to Blood Donation Differ between Lapsed Donors and Non-Donors in France. Transfusion Medicine, 20, 227-236.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3148.2010.00998.x
[21] Boulware, L.E., Ratner, L.E., Ness, P.M., Cooper, L.A., Campbell-Lee, S., LaVeist, T.A. and Powe, N.R. (2002) The Contribution of Sociodemographic, Medical, and Attitudinal Factors to Blood Donation among the General Public. Transfusion, 42, 669-678.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1537-2995.2002.00120.x
[22] Daigneault, S. (2007) Le marketing dans l’univers du don de sang. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 14, 147-151.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2007.04.001
[23] Courbil, R., Chenus, F., Julien, H., Ruyer-Dumontier, P. and Garraud, O. (2008) Guide de partenariat pour le bon déroulement d’une collecte de sang. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 15, 160-167.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2008.07.003
[24] Calléa, N., Plainfossé, C., Georget, P., Sénémeaud, C. and Rasonglès, P. (2011) La psychologie sociale de la persuasion au service de la fidélisation des donneurs: Modèles de conception de messages d’invitation au don. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 18, 565-569.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2011.04.005
[25] Calléa, N., Plainfossé, C., Georget, P., Sénémeaud, C. and Rasonglès, P. (2011) La psychologie sociale de la persuasion au service de la fidélisation des donneurs: L’importance de donner du sens au dernier don. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 18, 559-564.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2011.04.006
[26] Pesavento, S. and Bégué, L. (2011) Introducing Marketing Strategies and Techniques into the Field of Voluntary Blood Donation, to Meet the Rise in Blood Demand. Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, 18, 198-205.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tracli.2011.02.009

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.