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Implementation Strategies for Improving the Care of Depressed Elderly Persons—Summary of an International Workshop

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DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.411076    4,309 Downloads   4,749 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to identify the most important research priorities as well as future strategies for promoting and implementing evidence-based care of depressed elderly persons. An interdisciplinary workshop was organized using a focus group format and the transcript of the discussion was interpreted by means of the qualitative content analysis. The most important research priorities for improving the care of depressed elderly persons, implementation levels, theoretical approaches as well as possible outcomes were analysed on individual consumer, healthcare system, and policy level. A wide range of theories and methods are necessary to identify and explain implementation processes and results. Qualitative and quantitative methodologies in combination with knowledge synthesis were discussed. In addition, the need to summarize the literature in terms of specific issues was emphasized. In conclusion, the implementation strategies for improving the care of depressed elderly persons should be addressed on three levels: individual consumer, healthcare system and policy. Although some aspects of the implementation model may need to be enhanced, the fact that it includes conditions on individual level, i.e. self-management support, is of importance. The expansion and maintenance of evidence-based care generate potential for change in mental healthcare, thus improving outcomes for individual elderly patients. Areas that require further research are organization, cost and leadership. The use of mixed methods could strengthen future studies. Implementation researchers need a broad repertoire in order to plan and perform evidence-based research. To improve practice, implementation strategies should be developed in clinical and community guidelines.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Severinsson, E. and Holm, A. (2014) Implementation Strategies for Improving the Care of Depressed Elderly Persons—Summary of an International Workshop. Open Journal of Nursing, 4, 715-723. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2014.411076.

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