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Application of Electrocoagulation and Electrolysis on the Precipitation of Heavy Metals and Particulate Solids in Washwater from the Soil Washing

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DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2014.34015    5,418 Downloads   6,439 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Soil washing, ex situ mechanical technique, is one of the few permanent treatment alternatives to remove metal contaminants from soils by employing physical separation based on mineral processing technologies to remove discrete particles or metal-bearing particles and/or chemical extraction based on leaching or dissolving process to extract the metals from the soils into an aqueous solution. However, washwater remained from soil washing process contains discrete particulate particles along with heavy metals as solution phase to be treated separately, as well as this process can produce large amount of sludge that requires further treatment, slow metal precipitation, poor settling, the aggregation of metal precipitates. Electrical treatments including electrocoagulation and electrolysis can be effective in removing these substances from washwater. This paper reviews the theoretical models in applying electrocoagulation and electrolysis to remove heavy metals and discrete particulate particles in washwater by examining and comparing the status of washwater treatment technologies which have been undertaken, mostly in the US and EU for the period 1990-2012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Shim, H. , Lee, K. , Lee, D. , Jeon, D. , Park, M. , Shin, J. , Lee, Y. , Goo, J. , Kim, S. and Chung, D. (2014) Application of Electrocoagulation and Electrolysis on the Precipitation of Heavy Metals and Particulate Solids in Washwater from the Soil Washing. Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 3, 130-138. doi: 10.4236/jacen.2014.34015.

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