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The Effect of Annealing Treatments on Spherulitic Morphology and Physical Ageing on Glass Transition of Poly Lactic Acid (PLLA)

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DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.25058    7,210 Downloads   11,447 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Spherulitic morphology of pure poly lactic acid (PLLA) PLLA have investigated after thermal annealing. The morphology of spherulite of pure poly lactic acid (PLLA) PLLA have investigated after thermal annealing. The effect of both annealing temperature and crystallization temperature on the formation of cracks was described by polarized optical microscope (POM). Non banded spherulite (fibrils) with cracks was detected in PLLA film after annealing at 160°C (180 min.) and isothermal crystallization temperatures at 140°C and 150°C. With increasing temperature after annealing treatment the size of spherulite is increased and more cracks are formed. The maximum growth rate of spherulites was found at 130°C. The physical ageing was carried out by annealing the PLLA sample at room temperature for several annealing time (ta) from 0 h to 720 h. The enthalpy relaxation has been studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) through analysis of the endothermic peak of glass transition temperature, which increased and shifted towards higher temperature as the annealing time increased.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

E. Mohamed, "The Effect of Annealing Treatments on Spherulitic Morphology and Physical Ageing on Glass Transition of Poly Lactic Acid (PLLA)," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 439-443. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.25058.

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