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Antimicrobial Potential and Phytochemical Content of Six Diverse Sources of Quinoa Seeds (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)

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DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.511110    3,577 Downloads   4,569 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial potential of quinoa seeds from six diverse seeds, grown in three distinctive geo-graphical zones of Chile, was correlated with their total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and total saponin content (TSC). The six seeds were Ancovinto, Cancosa, Cahuil, Faro, Regalona and Villarrica. A significant influence of quinoa source on chemical composition of seeds was observed. Extracts of all quinoa samples showed antimicrobial activity in the range of 8.3 - 14.8 mm inhibition zone for E. coli and 8.5 - 15.0 mm inhibition zone for S. aureus. Cancosa seeds had the highest antimicrobial action. The TPC and TFC ranged from 3.71 to 16.55 mg GA/100 g d.m. and 7.77 to 14.37 mg QE/100 g d.m., respectively. TSC varied from 1.78 to 3.08 g/100 g d.m. A cor-relation between TFC and antimicrobial activity was found. In conclusion, the six types of quinoa seeds were identified as potential sources of antioxidant compounds and antimicrobial activity.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Miranda, M. , Delatorre-Herrera, J. , Vega-Gálvez, A. , Jorquera, E. , Quispe-Fuentes, I. and Martínez, E. (2014) Antimicrobial Potential and Phytochemical Content of Six Diverse Sources of Quinoa Seeds (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). Agricultural Sciences, 5, 1015-1024. doi: 10.4236/as.2014.511110.

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