Share This Article:

Influence of Particle Size and Temperature on Gasification Performance in Externally Heated Gasifier

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:488KB) PP. 158-164
DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22018    5,932 Downloads   10,025 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In the present study the catalytic steam gasification of biomass to produce hydrogen-rich gas with calcined dolomite as catalyst in an externally heated fixed bed reactor was investigated. The influence of the reactor temperature on yield and product composition was studied at the temperature range of 700 PoPC-900 PoPC. Over the ranges of experimental con-ditions examined, tar was completely decomposed as temperature increases from 800P oPC to 900 PoPC. Higher temperature resulted in more HR2R and COR2R production, and dry gas yield. The highest H2 content of 51.02 V%, and the highest HR2 Ryield of 1.66 mP3P/kg biomass were observed at the highest temperature level of 900P oPC.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Y. Feng, B. Xiao, K. Goerner, G. Cheng and J. Wang, "Influence of Particle Size and Temperature on Gasification Performance in Externally Heated Gasifier," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 158-164. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22018.

References

[1] J. C. Escobar, E. S. Lora, O. J. Venturini, et al., “Biofuels: Environment, Technology and Food Security,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 6-7, 2009, pp. 1275-1287. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2008.08.014
[2] X. T. Li, J. R. Grace, C. J. Lim, et al., "Biomass Gasification in a Circulating Fluidized Bed,” Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2004, pp. 171-193. doi:10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00084-9
[3] K. Maniatis and E. Millich, “Energy from Biomass and Waste: The Contribution of Utility Scale Biomass Gasification Plants,” Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1998, pp. 195-200. doi:10.1016/S0961-9534(98)00052-X
[4] R. C. Saxena, D. K. Adhikari and H. B. Goyal, “Biomass-Based Energy Fuel through Biochemical Routes: A Review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2009, pp. 167-178. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2007.07.011
[5] A. L. Dicks, “Dicks Hydrogen Generation from Natural Gas for the Fuel Cell Systems of Tomorrow,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 61, No. 1-2, 1996, pp. 113-124. doi:10.1016/S0378-7753(96)02347-6
[6] L. F. Brown, “A Comparative Study of Fuels for On- Board Hydrogen Production for Fuel-Cell-Powered Automobiles,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 26, No. 4, 2001, pp. 381-397. doi:10.1016/S0360-3199(00)00092-6
[7] L. Wang, C. L. Weller, D. D. Jones, et al., “Contemporary Issues in Thermal Gasification of Biomass and Its Application to Electricity and Fuel Production,” Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 32, No. 7, 2008, pp. 573-581. doi:10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.12.007
[8] P. Weerachanchai, M. Horio and C. Tangsathitkulchai, “Effects of Gasifying Conditions and Bed Materials on Fluidized Bed Steam Gasification of Wood Biomass,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 100, No. 3, 2009, pp. 1419- 1427. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2008.08.002
[9] X. H. Hao, L. J. Guo, X. Mao, et al., “Hydrogen Production from Glucose Used as a Model Compound of Biomass Gasified in Supercritical Water,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2003, pp. 55-64. doi:10.1016/S0360-3199(02)00056-3
[10] G. Iaquaniello and A. Mangiapane, “Integration of Biomass Gasification with MCFC,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2006, pp. 399-404. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2005.09.010
[11] G. Hu, S. Xu, S. Li, et al., “Steam Gasification of Apricot Stones with Olivine and Dolomite as Downstream Catalysts,” Fuel Processing Technology, Vol. 87, No. 5, 2006, pp. 375-382. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2005.07.008
[12] S. Turn, C. Kinoshita, Z. Zhang, et al., “An Experimental Investigation of Hydrogen Production from Biomass Gasification,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 23, No. 8, 1998, pp. 641-648. doi:10.1016/S0360-3199(97)00118-3
[13] A. K. Dalai, N. Batta, I. Eswaramoorthi, et al., “Gasification of Refuse Derived Fuel in a Fixed Bed Reactor for Syngas Production,” Waste Management, Vol. 29, No. 1, 2009, pp. 252-258. doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2008.02.009
[14] L. Wei, S. Xu, L. Zhang, et al., “Steam Gasification of Biomass for Hydrogen-Rich Gas in a Free-Fall Reactor,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2007, pp.24-31. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2006.06.002
[15] K. Gallucci, S. Stendardo and P.U. Foscolo, “CO2 Capture by Means of Dolomite in Hydrogen Production from Syngas,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, No. 12, 2008, pp. 3049-3055. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.03.039
[16] M. R Mahishi and D. Y Goswami, “An Experimental Study of Hydrogen Production by Gasification of Biomass in the Presence of a CO2 Sorbent,” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 32, No. 14, 2007, pp. 2803-2808. doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2007.03.030

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.