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The Incidence of Late-Onset Pompe Disease in Subjects with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Cross-Sectional Study

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DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2014.43010    2,069 Downloads   2,488 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Current treatment options for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome often work to the sa-tisfaction of the patient, but in certain cases may not yield the required results for reasons that remain unclear. Late-onset Pompe disease may be a contributing factor in these circumstances. The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of late-onset Pompe disease in a population diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. Material and Methods: The study had a cross-sec- tional, explorative design to assess the prevalence of late-onset Pompe disease in subjects with an established diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. In two different study mid to large size sleep clinics in Europe patients have been asked to donate a blood sample for the detection of ac-id-glucosidase enzyme activity. Results: Of a total of 544 patients with mild to severe obstructive sleep apnea, none had an acid maltase deficiency. Conclusions: Screening for Pompe disease in newly or recently detected OSA patients in mid to large size sleep clinics is not clinically effective. It should be confined to those subjects with OSA when upright forced vital capacity during spirometry is only moderately abnormal, because of the disproportionate diaphragmatic involvement.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Stolk, J. , Løn, N. , Gast-Strookman, J. , Lukacs, Z. , Nieves Cobos, P. and Jennum, P. (2014) The Incidence of Late-Onset Pompe Disease in Subjects with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Cross-Sectional Study. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 4, 64-68. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2014.43010.

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