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Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) in Automotive Applications: Environmental Relevance of the Manufacturing Stage

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DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22009    9,536 Downloads   16,673 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This study presents a state of the art of several studies dealing with the environmental impact assessment of fuel cell (FC) vehicles and the comparison with their conventional fossil-fuelled counterparts, by means of the Life Cycle As-sessment (LCA) methodology. Results declare that, depending on the systems characteristics, there are numerous envi-ronmental advantages, but also some disadvantages can be expected. In addition, the significance of the manufac-turing process of the FC, more specifically the Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) type, in terms of environmental impact is presented. Finally, CIEMAT’s role in HYCHAIN European project, consisting of supporting early adopters for hydrogen FCs in the transport sector, is highlighted

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

D. Garraín, Y. Lechón and C. Rúa, "Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC) in Automotive Applications: Environmental Relevance of the Manufacturing Stage," Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2011, pp. 68-74. doi: 10.4236/sgre.2011.22009.

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