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Urban Wastewater Treatment by Adsorption of Organic Matters on Modified Bentonite by (Iron-Aluminum)

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DOI: 10.4236/jeas.2014.43008    3,747 Downloads   5,032 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

In this research, the natural bentonite clay (from Maghnia, western Algeria) was purified (Na+- montmorillonite, CEC = 91 meq/100 g), noted (puri.bent) and modified with mixed hydroxy-Fe-Al (FeAl-PILC). The purified bentonite clay and FeAl-PILC were heated at 383 K for 2 hr and characte-rized by the chemical analyses data, XRD, and N2 adsorption to 77 K techniques. Puri.bent and FeAl-PILC were applied to fix the organic matter (OM) present in urban wastewater from the city of Sidi Bel-Abbes (western Algeria). The adsorption of organic matter was followed by spectro-photometry at 470 nm, and the adsorption data were a good fit with Freundlich isotherm for pu-ri.bent but for FeA-lPILC, were well fit by Elovitch isotherm model. The maximum adsorption ca-pacity (qm) was 571.6 mg/g for puri.bent and 1120.69 mg/g for FeAl-PLC. The degree of OM removal was 67% for puri.bent and 97% for FeAl-PILC. FeAl-PILC can be considered as a promising adsorbent for the removal of OM from wastewater.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Zohra, M. , Rose, J. and Borschneck, D. (2014) Urban Wastewater Treatment by Adsorption of Organic Matters on Modified Bentonite by (Iron-Aluminum). Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences, 4, 71-79. doi: 10.4236/jeas.2014.43008.

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