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Obstetric Outcome of Pregnancies Complicated by Domestic Violence

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.411095    2,556 Downloads   3,334 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Domestic violence is a pattern of assault and behavior perpetrated by one partner against the other. Historically most of those oppressed by domestic violence have been women. The lifetime prevalence of domestic violence against women is 10% - 69%. Though this violence might have started or escalated during pregnancy, pregnancy specific prevalence is between 1% - 20%. The objective was to determine the prevalence and obstetric complications. Domestic violence is against pregnant women in tertiary clinic of a developing nation. Methodology: It was a hospital based cross-sectional case control study conducted within the period of one year. Close ended questionnaires were administered. Result: Two hundred and seventy patients were recruited. The lifetime prevalence of physical violence against women was 28.5%. 12.5% (5/40) of victims smoke cigarettes; the prevalence of alcohol intake by the victims was 45%. 72.5% of partners of victims smoke as compared to 25.5% of partners of non victims. Unemployed women were victims of domestic violence far more than the employed women. Pregnant women who are victims of physical violence are more likely to suffer adverse pregnancy outcome. Violence in pregnancy is quite commoner than most of the conditions routinely screened for during antenatal care. The association of such violence with significant maternal and fetal/neonatal morbidity and mortality emphasizes the fact that domestic violence is not just a social problem but a feto-maternal health hazard that requires the input of every stakeholder to address.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ankama, M. , Oguntayo, A. and Akuse, J. (2014) Obstetric Outcome of Pregnancies Complicated by Domestic Violence. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 685-694. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2014.411095.

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