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Storage of Campomanesia adamantium (Cambess.) O. Berg Seeds: Influence of Water Content and Environmental Temperature

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.517269    2,470 Downloads   3,045 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The present work evaluated the conservation of Campomanesia adamantium seeds under different conditions. The fruits used in the study were collected from matrices located in the city of Ponta Porã-MS, Brazil. After processing, the seeds were slowly dried to different water content levels and subsequently exposed to various environmental conditions: 25°C ± 2°C, 35% relative humidity (laboratory); 16°C ± 1°C, 40% relative humidity (cold and dry); 8°C ± 1°C, 35% relative humidity (refrigeration); and -18°C ± 1°C, 42% relative humidity (freezing). Each treatment was conducted for 0 (recently processed seeds, with superficial drying of 40 minutes), 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 days. Seed potential was physiologically evaluated based on radicle protrusion, percentage of normal seedlings, seedling length (primary root, shoot and total), and dry mass of the seedlings. The experimental design was a completely randomized factorial scheme with split-split plots (4 temperatures/environments × 5 water content × 7 storage periods). C. adamantium seeds tolerated a reduction in the water content to 15.3% but did not tolerate the storage period, confirming the recalcitrant behavior of the seeds.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Dresch, D. , Quintão Scalon, S. , Masetto, T. and Mussury, R. (2014) Storage of Campomanesia adamantium (Cambess.) O. Berg Seeds: Influence of Water Content and Environmental Temperature. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2555-2565. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.517269.

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