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Letrozole versus Gonadotropin in Unexplained Infertile Couples Failed to Conceive with Clomiphene Citrate

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.410088    2,883 Downloads   3,436 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Unexplained infertility represents about 15% - 20% of infertile couples. Usually, these cases need assistance. Clomiphene citrate is the most used drug for this problem but sometimes pregnancy failed to achieve it, so other options for assistance are gonadotrophin or letrezole. The objective of our study was to compare the pregnancy rate for letrezole and gonadotropin inunexplained infertile women’s who failed to conceive with clomiphene citrate. Methods: This prospective quasi-randomized trial was carried out in cytogenetic unite at obstetrics and gynecology department, Zagazig University Hospital. 140 infertile females were included, induction of ovulation by letrozole for half of them and by gonadotrophin for the other half. Results: There was statistically highly significant decrease in duration of stimulation, E2 levels and endometrial thickness at day of HCG in letrezole group, no significant difference between two groups as regard number of follicles and pregnancy rate per cycle, while the cumulative pregnancy rate and the cost of stimulation are significantly higher in gonadotrophin group. Conclusion: In patient with unexplained infertility who failed to conceive with clomiphene citrate, gonadotrophins have a higher pregnancy rate than letrezole. However, pregnancy rate was high enough with lower cost with letrezole to be acceptable and justified its use in this group of patients.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Ibrahaiem, M. , Shazly, S. , Helal, K. , Mowafy, H. and El Behery, M. (2014) Letrozole versus Gonadotropin in Unexplained Infertile Couples Failed to Conceive with Clomiphene Citrate. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4, 636-641. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2014.410088.

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