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Novel Activated Carbon Monoliths for Methane Adsorption Obtained from Coffee Husks

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DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.25043    7,863 Downloads   13,865 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Methane adsorption by different forms of activated carbon obtained from coffee husks, including monolith honeycomb and disc types, was studied by activation with zinc salts and potassium hydroxide at 298.15 K and 303.15 K and pressures up to 30.00 atm in a volumetric adsorption apparatus. We observed increased methane adsorption capacity on a mass basis in the different activated carbon monoliths with increasing surface area, total pore volume and micropore volume, with the honeycomb type displaying the highest methane absorption capacity. The maximum volumetric methane uptake by the synthesised carbon monoliths was observed to be 130 V/V at 298.15 K and 30.00 atm for honeycomb monoliths synthesised with zinc chloride (ZnCl2) and Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as the binder. Adsorption calorimetry results were used to describe the interaction between guest molecules and the adsorbent at low surface coverage and the energetic heterogeneous surface nature of the adsorbent.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Giraldo and J. Moreno-Piraján, "Novel Activated Carbon Monoliths for Methane Adsorption Obtained from Coffee Husks," Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 2 No. 5, 2011, pp. 331-339. doi: 10.4236/msa.2011.25043.

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