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Metakaolin-Based Geopolymers for Targeted Adsorbents to Heavy Metal Ion Separation

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DOI: 10.4236/msce.2014.27002    3,111 Downloads   4,875 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Geopolymer adsorbents were prepared from silica and metakaolin in different Al and Si components and applied for removal of metal ions, Cs+ and Pb2+, from other heavy metal ions mixture. The geopolymer was optimized at Si/Al = 2 as adsorbent, targeting to Cs+ and Pb2+ separation. The binding behavior was well fitted to Langmuir model, which proved that the metakaolin-based geopolymer had multibinding to adsorb ions. The effective adsorption was also observed independent of NaCl concentration for the Cs+ and Pb2+. This meant that the ion adsorption of geopolymers occurred under non-electrostatic mechanism.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

López, F. , Sugita, S. , Tagaya, M. and Kobayashi, T. (2014) Metakaolin-Based Geopolymers for Targeted Adsorbents to Heavy Metal Ion Separation. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 2, 16-27. doi: 10.4236/msce.2014.27002.

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