Share This Article:

Growth, Yield and Quality Performance of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum L.)

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:1144KB) PP. 2215-2223
DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515235    4,054 Downloads   5,668 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Livestock industry of Pakistan is expanding day by day. To meet its growing demand high fodder yielding and nutritious varieties of fodder crops are needed. Pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum L.) is an excellent choice for this purpose. In order to explore the possibility of the better yield potential varieties of pearl millet performed in a good manner under agro ecological conditions of Faisalabad during the year 2012. A field experiment was conducted at Agronomic Research Area, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Randomized complete block design was used with three replications; the net plot size was 1.8 m × 6 m. The experiment was comprised of nine millet varieties named Cholistani Bajra, Barani Bajra, MB-87, Sargodha Bajra 2011, 18-BY, Super Bajra-1, PARC-MS-2, 86-M-52 and FB-822. All other agronomic practices were kept normal and constant. Data on yield and yield components were recorded by standard procedure. Significant results were recorded among the varieties for forage growth and yield. The variety 86-M-52 produced maximum forage and dry matter yield because of more number of leaves (14), leaf area (3540.1 cm2) followed by Sargodha Bajra-2011. All cultivars have statistically significant differences in respect of quality characteristics. However, non-significant differences were observed among cultivars regarding ash contents. The cultivar Sargodha Bajra-2011 has the highest crude protein (10.347%) and the cultivar FB-822 has the minimum crude protein percentage (6.733%). While PARC-MS-2 has the highest crude fiber percentage (34.667%) but variety MB-87 has the minimum crude fiber (24.333%). Variety 86-M-52 proved better for getting higher forage yield followed by Sargodha Bajra-2011 than all other varieties. Sargodha Bajra-2011 is the best cultivar that performed well in respect of quality parameters under irrigated conditions of Faisalabad.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Hassan, M. , Ahmad, A. , Zamir, S. , Haq, I. , Khalid, F. , Rasool, T. and Hussain, A. (2014) Growth, Yield and Quality Performance of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum L.). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2215-2223. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515235.

References

[1] Faridullah, Alam, A., Irshad, M., Khan, J., Khan, A.R., Sher, H. and Khan, K. (2010) Comparative Studies of Different Pearl Millet Varieties as Affected by Different Yield Components. Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 9, 1524-1533.
[2] Yusuf, M.J., Nabi, G., Basit, A., Husnain, S.K. and Akhtar, L.H. (2012) Development of High Yielding Millet Variety “Sargodha Bajra-2011” Released for General Cultivation in Punjab Province of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 49, 275-282.
[3] Government of Pakistan (2010) Economic Survey of Pakistan. Finance Division, Economic Advisors Wing. Islamabad, 23 p.
[4] Government of Pakistan (2012) Economic Survey of Pakistan. Finance Division, Economic Advisors Wing. Islamabad, 18 p.
[5] Government of Pakistan (2011) Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan. Food and Agriculture Division. Planning Unit, Islamabad, 15 p.
[6] Chohan, M.S.M., Naeem, M., Khan, A.H. and Kainth, R.A. (2006) Performance of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum L.) Varieties for Forage Yield. Journal of Agricultural Research, 44, 23-27.
[7] Cecelia, L.F., Amigot, S.L., Gaggiotti, M.L., Rumero, A. and Basilico, J.C. (2007) Global Science, Forage Quality: Techniques for Testing. 123.
[8] Bilal, M.Q., Saeed, M. and Sarwar, M. (2000) Effects of Varying Levels of Nitrogen and Farmyard Manure Application on Tillering and Height of Mott Grass. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 2, 21-23.
[9] Naeem, M., Chohan, M.S.M., Khan, A.H. and Kainth, R.A. (2007) Performance of Pearl Millet Genotypes for Forage under Irrigated Conditions. Journal of Agricultural Research, 45, 199-203.
[10] Naeem, M., Qadir, G., Hussain, M., Nasimand, S. and Shakoor, A. (1994) Yield Potential of Pearl Millet Cultivars under Rainfed Conditions of Pakistan. FLCG News Letter, 29, 2-3.
[11] AOAC (1990) Official Methods of Analysis. Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. 15th Edition, Arlington.
[12] Steel, R.G.D., Torrie, J.H. and Dickey, D.A. (1997) Principles and Procedures of Statistics, a Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill Book. Co., Inc., New York, 352-358.
[13] Amodu, J.T., Adeyinka, I.A., Kallah, M.S. and Alawa, J.P. (2007) Evaluation of Pearl Millet Accession for Yield and Nutrient Composition. Journal of Biological Sciences, 7, 379-383.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2007.379.383
[14] Ayub, M., Khalid, M., Tariq, M., Elahi, M. and Nadeem, M.A. (2012) Comparison of Sorghum Genotypes for Forage Production and Quality. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22, 733-737.
[15] Mitra, J., Subudhi, H.N., Jain, R.K. and Mitra, J. (2001) Correlation and Coefficient Analysis of Green Forage Yield and Its Components in Pearl Millet. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 16, 267-271.
[16] Khan, A.H., Naeem, M., Chohan, M.S.M. and Kainth, R.A. (2004) Fodder Yield Potential of Pearl Millet Cultivars under Irrigated Conditions. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 6, 749-750.
[17] Ayub, M., Tanveer, A., Mahmud, K., Ali, A. and Azam, M. (1999) Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus on the Fodder Yield Quality of Two Sorghum Cultivars (Sorghum bicolor L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 2, 247-250.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.1999.247.250
[18] Mahmud, K., Ahmed, I. and Ayub, M. (2003) Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus on Fodder Yield and Quality of Two Sorghum Cultivars (Sorghum bicolor L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5, 61-63.
[19] Sharma, K.C., Sharma, R.K., Singhania, D.L. and Singh, D. (2003) Variation and Character Association in Forage Yield and Related Traits in Pearl Millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Sr.]. Journal of Agricultural Research, 30, 53-58.
[20] Saifullah, A., Jan, F., Munsif, M., Arif, H., Khan, K., Waqas, M.A. and Ali, A. (2011) Performance of Millet Varieties under Different Irrigation Levels. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 27, 1-7.
[21] Zaman, Q., Malik, N.H. and Hayat, K. (2004) Performance of Millet Varieties for Green Fodder Production under D.I. Kshan Condition. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 20, 47-49.
[22] Muhammad, D., Hussain, A., Khan, S. and Bhatti, M.B. (1994) Forage Yield and Quality Potential of Pearl Millet Cultivars under Rainfed Conditions. Journal of Agricultural Research, 32, 383-388.
[23] Nabi, C.G., Riaz, M. and Ahmed, G. (2006) Comparison of Some Advanced Lines of Sorghum bicolor L. Moench for Green Fodder/Dry Matter Yield and Morpho Economical Parameters. Journal of Agricultural Research, 44, 191-196.
[24] Filho, C.J.D.A., Monterior, M.C.D., Oliverira, F.I.D., Tabosa, I.N., Bastos, G.Q. and Reis, O.Y.D. (2004) Dry Matter Yield and Contents of Crude Protein in Genotypes of Forage Sorghum. Agropecuaria Tecnia, 25, 59-63.
[25] Hussain, A., Khan, S., Zahid, M.S., Shafeeq, S. and Ali, Z. (2011) A New High Yielding Oat Variety for Fodder in the Rainfed Potohar and Irrigated Areas of Pakistan. Science, Technology and Development, 30, 16-23.
[26] Ayub, M., Khalid, M., Tariq, M., Elahi, M. and Nadeem, M.A. (2012) Comparison of Sorghum Genotypes for Forage Production and Quality. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22, 733-737.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2018 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.