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Evaluation Forage Clipping Stages and Different Levels of Nitrogen on Grain and Forage Yields of TRITICALE (× TRITICOSECALE WITTMACK)

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515233    2,156 Downloads   2,780 Views  

ABSTRACT

In order to reach suitable forage clipping and estimate nitrogen fertilizer to most economical proficiency, an experiment was carried out at Saatlo Station in 2008-2009 seasons. A factorial experiment was done based on the randomized complete blocks design with 4 replications. The first factor was three levels of clipping stages including non-clipping, clipping at tillering and booting stages. Different levels of nitrogen fertilizer including 0, 40, 80, 120 and 160 kg/ha were arranged at the second factor. Results showed that non-clipping and clipping at booting stage with 610.5 and 203.1 g/m2 had the most and the lowest grain yield, respectively. The highest economical proficiency (3743.06 $/ha) resulted with using 80 kg/ha nitrogen fertilizer and non-clipping. With considering both forage and grain yield, it is necessary that the clipping should be done at tillering stage with using of 120 kg/ha nitrogen fertilizer (3336.56 $/ha). At regression of economical proficiency traits of grain yield, straw and total dry matter remained at the final model. Economical proficiency had the significant positive correlation with spike per square meter (0.87**), grain yield (0.64**), total dry matter (0.65**), plant height (0.52**) and 1000-kernal weight (0.54**).

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Niazkhani, M. , Khorshid, A. and Eivazi, A. (2014) Evaluation Forage Clipping Stages and Different Levels of Nitrogen on Grain and Forage Yields of TRITICALE (× TRITICOSECALE WITTMACK). American Journal of Plant Sciences, 5, 2199-2206. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2014.515233.

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