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Body composition of healthy Spanish children

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2011.34038    3,923 Downloads   7,255 Views  

ABSTRACT

This paper shows the distribution of the body compartments, and the age and gender related changes in Spanish children. Subjects and Methods: A total of 231 healthy children from Madrid (Spain) were recruited and divided into 3 groups according to age (birth-5, 6-10, 11-15y). Body compartments (fat mass, lean mass and bone mass) measures were obtained from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. Total and regional body compositions were evaluated. Results: There were gender differences for TBFM (total body fat mass) in 11 - 15 year age group and for TLBM (total lean body mass) in all age groups except for the 6 - 10 year age group. TBMC (total bone mineral content) shows significant gender differences form birth. Conclusions: Contrary to boys, girls showed from early infancy a smaller proportion of muscle mass and a higher proportion of body fat (from the age of 10), with fat deposits being mostly peripheral. Bone mass and muscle mass values were higher in boys.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Aguado-Henche, S. , Rodríguez-Torres, R. , Bosch-Martín, A. and Gómez-Pellico, L. (2011) Body composition of healthy Spanish children. Health, 3, 211-217. doi: 10.4236/health.2011.34038.

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